Leg cramps: how to get rid of them

Health Tips

They can wake you up in the middle of the night, or they can overtake you in the middle of a workout or, much more unpleasantly, a swim. Seizures can occur at any time of the day, regardless of the work performed. And most of the time they mean nothing. Anyway, nothing serious.

What causes seizures

The reasons for their occurrence can be counted about a hundred. And these are only those that are more or less confirmed statistically. The head of the Clinic of Outpatient Surgery of the State Research Center for Preventive Medicine, cardiovascular surgeon Khachatur Kurginyan talks about the most common ones.

  • Seizures can be the result of many problems in the body, in particular, they can be provoked by deficiency of these micronutrientslike magnesium, potassium, sodium, calcium, as well as B vitamins. When the deficiency is replenished, convulsions recede.
  • Increased long-term load on the legs will lead to metabolic disorders and depletion of trace elements, which will also lead to convulsions.
  • Night cramps are often triggered problems with the musculoskeletal systemmore often in the lumbosacral spine.
  • Seizures may also be caused by flat feet: cramps occur due to overload of the arch of the foot and prolonged tension of the muscles of the lower leg.
  • With varicose veins due to venous stasis, a metabolic disorder occurs in muscle tissue, which leads to the loss of calcium, sodium, potassium ions and may be accompanied by an increase in neuromuscular excitability.
  • Convulsions are indirectly associated with hyper- or hypotension: they may be the result of muscular dystonia, or they may be symptoms diseases of the cardiovascular system.

How to relieve cramps

Sergey Malakhov, physiotherapist, hirudotherapeutist of the Medical SPA department of the Lapino Clinical Hospital, tells.

Most often, convulsions disappear with a change in the position of the body and limbs, tension or rubbing of a tense muscle. To relieve a cramp here and now, it is enough to pull the toe of the foot towards you.

  • To avoid the recurrence of convulsive attacks in the future, it is necessary (after consulting a doctor!) To increase the content of magnesium, calcium and potassium in the body. They can be obtained from food, drugs or thalassotherapy (magnesium chloride found in sea water is highly bioavailable).
  • The appointment of procedures that activate blood circulation and metabolism can also help: manual foot massage or hardware physiotherapy (for example, magnetotherapy).
  • It is advisable to control the load (for athletes), wear comfortable shoes (convulsions usually overcome lovers of high heels), regularly train the muscles of the lower extremities on foot.

And, of course, exclude all the diseases prescribed in the previous part.

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