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Complexes are alien to stylish and modern girls today. The long-awaited spring sun and the approaching summer heat are conducive to wearing short skirts, breeches and shorts. And there is absolutely no reason for us to deny ourselves such pleasure. What if there is? What if the legs “decorate” the spider veins and protruding veins, scientifically called “varicose veins”? Let’s try to figure out why varicose veins occur and how to treat such a disease?

What is varicose veins?

Phlebeurysm (from Latin. varix, varicis – bloating on the veins) – characterized by the expansion of superficial veins, accompanied by valve failure and impaired blood flow. Most often, with varicose veins, the superficial veins of the lower extremities are affected. It is important to note that this disease brings not only an unpleasant aesthetic defect. With prolonged presence of varicose veins, non-healing trophic ulcers may appear. Serious complications of this disease are ascending thrombophlebitis, circulatory disorders in the affected limb, and, as a result, can be fraught with the most unpleasant outcome.

Who is most often affected by this disease?

Very often, varicose veins in young women first manifest themselves during pregnancy. The fact is that pressure from the growing uterus leads to the fact that the veins expand, and an increase in the concentration of the hormone progesterone reduces the muscle tone of the venous wall, and contributes to its stretching. In addition, pregnancy increases the load on the lower extremities and aggravates the course of the disease. It is important to note here that varicose veins in the legs, with the exception of the most severe stages, are not a contraindication for pregnancy, because pregnancy is not the cause of varicose veins, but rather a provoking factor. The main causes of this disease are as follows:

• Constant stay on your feet (“standing work”) or in a sitting position;
• Low mobility and reduced physical activity (physical inactivity);
• Increased weight, heavy physical activity;
• Hereditary predisposition.

In addition, a factor predisposing to the occurrence of varicose veins is congenital (that is, inherited) weakness of the connective tissue of the vein wall, inferiority of their valvular apparatus, and hormonal disorders.

Who needs a doctor’s consultation?

It is known that any disease is easier to prevent than to treat. Therefore, girls prone to varicose veins should not neglect prevention. Moreover, this disease has enough precursors. Signs by which you can determine the presence of the disease are:

• feeling of heaviness, fatigue in the legs;
• pain in the legs after prolonged static loads;
• swelling in the legs and ankles in the evening;
• varicose veins or intradermal varicose veins, vascular networks;
• decreased sensitivity of the lower extremities, tingling, burning;
• long-term non-healing wounds or ulcers on the legs.

A woman who has noticed such signs in herself should not leave the situation unattended. Do not engage in self-diagnosis and self-treatment! Only a doctor who specializes in venous diseases of the legs can make a final diagnosis. This specialist is called phlebologist. If you suspect the presence of varicose veins, there is a hereditary predisposition, or such a diagnosis has already been made to you earlier, you simply need constant monitoring by a phlebologist. Moreover, it is important to contact a specialist on time, without delay.

AT clinic “Academy” it is very simple to do this – you just need to call and make an appointment with a specialist, and the ACADEMIA dispatch service will make sure that you do not lose precious minutes and patience while waiting for a consultation. After all, in this case, the lost time can lead to the fact that the disease not treated by conservative methods in time will move to the stage when the problem can only be solved surgically.

After the initial examination, the doctor will prescribe you one or another type of study. As a rule, to make a more accurate diagnosis, it is enough ultrasound: dopplerography and duplex scanning. However, in rare cases, if the need arises, an X-ray method is used – contrast agents are injected into the bloodstream and their distribution in the vessels is examined.

Is it possible to do without treatment?

Unpleasant, but true: varicose veins cannot go away “on their own” and only progresses with time. And again, the truth that the disease is best treated in the early stages fully justifies itself. Depending on what stage the varicose veins have reached, conservative or surgical methods of treatment are used.

Conservative treatment is provided by wearing special compression stockings, taking medications and physiotherapy exercises. The optimal means of compression is a special knitwear, produced in the form of tights, stockings and golf. It is possible to choose it correctly only taking into account the recommendations of an experienced phlebologist. For the convenience of pregnant women, tights are produced with a special insert for the abdomen, which allows them to be worn throughout the pregnancy. With proper wearing of such knitwear, varicose veins after childbirth can completely disappear or noticeably decrease.

According to the doctor’s indications, the use of knitwear can be supplemented with medications that improve microcirculation and blood circulation and increase capillary resistance. As a rule, their use is allowed even for pregnant women (from the second half of pregnancy), but you need to choose such drugs only according to the testimony of a specialist.

Surgical treatment is either the introduction of sclerosing drugs into the altered veins, causing gluing and closing of the lumen of the vessel – sclerotherapy, or if there are relevant indications – removal of varicose veins – phlebectomy – under local anesthesia or general anesthesia. Thanks to the development of special methods of surgical treatment, the effect of the operation is aesthetically and cosmetically justified. But in any case, the decision on the type of treatment suitable for you should be made only after consultation with a phlebologist.

After carrying out the medical measures prescribed by the doctor, whether it is wearing therapeutic knitwear, taking medications, surgery or sclerotherapy, it is extremely important not to forget about the further prevention of varicose veins. It should include both the correct organization of work and rest, and moderate physical activity.

You can get a detailed consultation of a phlebologist
at the Center for Occupational Medicine ACADEMY
at the address: st. Valovaya, 28, Tel./fax: 545-3555
www.academ-clinic.ru

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