Life after: what to do if your kidney, spleen and other…

Health Tips

Table of contents

What is the gallbladder and why is it removed

How to live with one kidney

When is the spleen removed?

What would life be like without a thyroid?

When the gallbladder is removed

Perhaps among your acquaintances there are those who live without a gallbladder. It concentrates bile, which is secreted from the liver. The latter is needed for the proper processing of fats from food. With stagnation of unused bile, cholecystitis and cholelithiasis develop. How to understand that you are not all right with your gallbladder? As a rule, he makes himself felt with pain in the right hypochondrium, especially often after eating. Ultrasound will accurately diagnose the presence of stones in the gallbladder, which can block the ducts and lead to the appearance of cholecystitis.

Operations to remove an inflamed gallbladder are now carried out in most cases endoscopically, that is, a minimal suture will remain as a memory. And life continues after the removal of this organ, doctors and patients assure. As one patient remarked after the operation: “I learned what life is like without constant nausea. Turns out it exists!

Of course, the operation imposes certain restrictions on the subsequent life of the patient. For example, ideally, fried and smoked foods should be avoided. Fat should not be abandoned – this is a delusion. Fats are still needed by the body, but their amount must be filtered without overeating. You can drive after the operation, you can fly in a couple of weeks.

Why can a kidney be removed

Surely you have heard about people who, for one reason or another, live with one kidney. A person can be born without a kidney (this happens) or it can be removed due to a dangerous disease, tumor, injury, for the purpose of donation. Recall that we need a kidney to filter the blood and control the water-salt balance. It removes fluid from the blood, in which various toxins accumulate. The latter are then excreted from the body along with urine. When a person does not have one kidney, the second increases in size and becomes hypertrophied. Thus, it takes on the double burden of filtering harmful substances. Rehabilitation after nephrectomy takes more than a year. The goal of the patient is to ease the load on the remaining organ and speed up the process of adaptation. First of all, with the help of a therapeutic diet. Namely:

  • it is necessary to control the amount of fluid consumed. We often hear about 2-2.5 liters of water per day. People with one kidney are advised to drink no more than a liter of water a day;

  • limit the amount of salt consumed to 3-5 grams per day;

  • reduce the amount of protein to 70-80 g per day. There are five or six times a day. The menu includes low-fat meat and fish in small quantities, fruits and vegetables. It is recommended to stew, boil and bake dishes. A set of extra pounds will lead to an excessive load on the body, so you need to monitor the number of calories.

Separately, it should be said about physical activity. Jogging, long uphill climbs (for example, hiking) and, in principle, excessive loads should be avoided. But from walking and swimming there will be no harm. And, of course, you need to exclude the uncontrolled use of drugs. Each appointment must be coordinated with the doctor. And one more thing: for obvious reasons, it is necessary to avoid lower back injuries and periodically check the level of creatine and urea in the blood.

Why is the spleen needed and in what cases is it removed

The spleen can be thought of as a large lymph node hidden in the left hypochondrium that controls the body’s fight against infections. Not everyone will say where the spleen is located. But you will definitely feel its location after a sharp physical exertion, for example, by running a couple of kilometers quickly (if you haven’t run before). A rather sharp pain in the left hypochondrium will let you know.

The spleen stores a reserve supply of blood that is usually used up during exercise. It is also important to know that a lot of lymphoid tissue is concentrated inside the spleen, about 20% of all lymphocytes are located here, which are busy producing antibodies to antigenic stimulation, infection or vaccination.

In addition, it is a muscular organ in which filtration of obsolete red blood cells occurs. That is, it is engaged in their disposal. The spleen is often removed for injuries (eg, falls from a height, after a car accident). The organ is very fragile, because it does not have a frame, and is filled with blood – accordingly, a strong blow leads to rupture of connective tissues and massive hemorrhage into the abdominal cavity, which can be deadly.

Without a spleen, patients live, but they are considered immunocompromised for life. With any infectious disease, the patient is threatened with complications, since the protective functions of the body are reduced. Therefore, experts recommend mandatory vaccinations (for example, against the same flu). It is possible and necessary to take care of the health of this organ: good old exercises will serve this purpose, in which the abdominal muscles and diaphragm are involved, they stimulate the spleen to release blood and work more intensively.

What is important to remember after removing the thyroid gland

Removal of the thyroid gland is a common operation that can be caused by many reasons. For example, in the case of a tumor or a significant increase in goiter. Recall that this gland is responsible for the production of hormones, which means it is very important. The thyroid gland weighs only 20 grams and is located in the front of the neck.

What can cause thyroid disease?

  • Heredity. If one of the relatives had a similar disease, you are at risk;

    – regularly visit an endocrinologist;

  • certain working conditions (for example, chemical production);

  • autoimmune diseases;

  • untreated infectious diseases,

  • uncontrolled intake of drugs.

All patients with thyroid diseases report similar symptoms:

  • constant fatigue;
  • drowsiness;
  • anxiety;
  • decline in sexual desire;
  • chilliness;
  • problems with weight, often its increase;
  • increased sweating;
  • skin problems;
  • sleep disorders and a number of others.

After removal of the thyroid gland during life, it is necessary to take a drug – an analogue of the hormone that the thyroid gland produces. You need to monitor its level in the body regularly, if necessary – adjust. This is an important point on which the patient’s condition after surgery depends. After all, reviews after surgery can be found different: some note that they feel better, nothing has fundamentally changed in the state of others, and still others complain about a decrease in the quality of life – a constant decline in strength and weight changes.

Photo: Depositphotos, Pexels.com

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