You have probably noticed that from time to time, some women’s mood and well-being change as rapidly and unexpectedly as the spring wind. Apparently, you also noticed that a woman does not look equally good every day. And if in the first case, eccentric manners, as a rule, we attribute to their eccentric nature, then the other, in principle, also seems to be easily explained: I didn’t get enough sleep, I didn’t have time to put myself in order. But, as it turns out, the character has nothing to do with it, and other circumstances too. In addition, it turns out that sometimes little depends on the woman herself. Because such metamorphoses are regulated by nothing more than the menstrual cycle or, in other words, by hormonal rhythms.
A lot has already been written about this, but it still doesn’t get any easier for women these days. So it would be useful to once again recall the most important for a normal and comfortable life on critical days. To begin with, apparently it is worth all of us to remember which hormone of those that are in the female body is responsible for what. The most female hormone – estrogen – helps us maintain youth, beauty and health. It’s like an elixir of happiness. And if the amount of this hormone in a woman’s body is normal, then such a woman, as a rule, will always feel great, and look much younger than her peers.
But if a woman has estrogen deficiency, then, as a rule, she does not feel well and does not look too good. All this is due to the fading of ovarian function, as a result of which some begin to have hot flashes, vegetative disorders (increased sweating; while the woman is sometimes thrown into a fever, and sometimes she is covered in cold sweat; increased blood pressure).
It would seem that in order to always feel good, we should strive to increase the amount of female hormones. However, if an excess of estrogens on the one hand is good, because in this case the woman looks younger than her years, then on the other hand, an excess of estrogen leads to problems such as infertility, menstrual dysfunction, and the formation of tumor processes in the female genital organs.
Another female hormone produced by the ovaries, progesterone, is responsible for mood stability, primarily in the second half of the menstrual cycle. If the amount of this hormone is normal, then the woman is doing just fine. But if suddenly progesterone starts to drop, then women experience pain in the mammary glands, painful periods. In addition, such women are more susceptible to mood changes (irritability, depression, and so on), and it is in the second phase of the menstrual cycle.
Progesterone is also responsible for maintaining pregnancy. Therefore, if women have a lack of progesterone, then, as a rule, they either do not get pregnant or have frequent miscarriages.
Another female hormone is testosterone. In the male body, it is the leading hormone, while in women it is normally produced in a small amount. And it is he who is responsible for sexual desire (libido) and physical performance. It is noticed that women with a predominance of testosterone have a penchant for male professions and leadership positions, and also have some specific features: medium height, broad shoulders and a narrow pelvis, increased hairiness and oily skin.
It should be noted that the predominance of one or another hormone implies special requirements for a woman’s metabolism. Therefore, you should be more careful with yourself. Avoid unreasonable weight gain and pay attention to the very first sign of a metabolic disorder, which manifests itself even at a young age, is when stretch marks appear on the skin. It seems that the woman was not pregnant and did not give birth, and pink, pale pink, dark pink stretch marks appeared on the skin, which, as a rule, are located on the legs, hips, abdomen and chest.
Now let’s try to understand how does the menstrual cycle regulate our well-being? To begin with, the menstrual cycle is calculated from the beginning of one period to the beginning of others. Although some consider it not from the beginning, but from the end of menstruation to the beginning of others, which is completely wrong. A normal menstrual cycle lasts 28-30 days on average. The menstrual cycle of 21-36 days also fits into the normal framework. But if it is less than 21 days or more than 36, this already indicates some kind of malfunction in the body.
The menstrual cycle has 2 phases – the first falls from the beginning of menstruation to the middle of the cycle, followed by the second phase. So, all our deviations in well-being and appearance often occur in the second phase, which is often called premenstrual syndrome.
It is these days that can rightly be called critical. It is no coincidence that most women feel in this phase, to put it mildly, not in the best way. It is during this period that women become irritable, aggressive, tired, whiny; many have disturbed sleep, headaches intensify; some even become depressed; some develop acne, pain in the lower abdomen, engorgement of the mammary glands, swelling of the legs and face, constipation, increased blood pressure with headaches to nausea and vomiting. This is due to an excess (estrogen) or deficiency (progesterone) of the hormones. As for the first phase, it is quite favorable for a woman.
As you can see, a bad mood and well-being can be the result of many reasons – stress or overstrain – but nevertheless, if suddenly, over several cycles, you consistently notice that some symptoms bother you at a certain period, then you should, without delay, contact a specialist and in no case self-medicate.
Nelya PIKUL, gynecologist-endocrinologist.