Life under pressure

Health Tips

At the beginning of the new millennium, many long-known diseases take on a new face. This becomes a natural price to pay for the excessive comfort of our existence, for the abnormal rhythm of life, for endless stress, for physical and nervous overload, for the passion for a variety of fast foods. Most diseases of “middle age” are rapidly getting younger – ulcers, gastritis, cholecystitis, asthma, hypertension … For example, the image of a typical hypertension today is very different from a hunched old woman in trampled slippers with validol under the tongue. And it is hypertension – and today, according to statistics, it affects up to 35 percent of the working age – refers to those diseases that are easier to prevent than to cure later. The role of prevention and a healthy lifestyle is more important than ever. Unfortunately, the frantic pace of life of modern women does not always allow you to take care of yourself, taking into account not only the optimal parameters of the waist and hips, but also the optimal volume of blood vessels.

To imagine what happens with high blood pressure, try to remember a fire hose: if you increase the water pressure or pinch the hose, the pressure throughout the hose will increase greatly and the consequences can be the most unpredictable. So here it is the action of blood flow is based on the same principle – constricted arteries or extra blood volume increase blood pressure.

It would seem, well, what is the problem here: just think, the pressure has risen – you just have to take a pill, and it will disappear. Alas, in fact, everything is far from being so simple, and issues related to high blood pressure are extremely serious and relevant. And taking into account the fact that it captures an ever younger circle of people, the problem becomes simply super-relevant.

It must be said that words “Hypertension” refers to persistently elevated blood pressure (BP). This happens when the vessels narrow, which begin to respond with a spasm and a higher increase in blood pressure numbers to a change in weather, emotions and physical activity. As a result, the state of health begins to deteriorate sharply, fatigue and fatigue, headache and heart pain appear.

Moreover, this disease is capable of developing in almost any person, regardless of his age and gender. However, the most persons with a hereditary predisposition to hypertension, overweight are susceptible; persons in a state of chronic nervous tension and stress. It should be noted that quite often hypertension is accompanied not only by increased weight, but also by diabetes mellitus.

If the blood pressure is kept constant, then it inevitably has a destructive effect on the vessels. AD can lead to a multiple increase in the risk of developing myocardial infarction or cerebral stroke, as well as blindness, kidney failure.

But sometimes it happens that high blood pressure numbers are “silent”, do not cause painful symptoms, and are detected only by random measurement. Therefore, by the way, speaking, arterial hypertension is sometimes called the “silent killer”.

Blood pressure is written in two numbers: maximum – determines systolic blood pressureand the minimum diastolic blood pressure. For example, 130 and 80 mmHg. Art. (mercury column). The first number means the pressure in the arteries at the moment of cardiac contraction, and the second one reflects the pressure in the arteries at the moment of relaxation of the heart. Normal BP numbers are considered 110-139/ 80-89 mm. rt. Art. Usually, arterial hypertension is diagnosed if the systolic blood pressure is 140 mm. rt. Art. and more (this is already considered high blood pressure), and diastolic – 90 mm. rt. Art. and more.

With age, the threshold of “normal pressure” increases. A person over 50 can feel normal with AD 160/90and at the age of up to 30 years, a persistent increase in pressure to the level 140/90 can lead to a real hypertensive crisis. However, in a young woman of 25-30 years old with an active lifestyle accompanied by stress, even a one-time sharp increase in blood pressure should cause anxiety and seek medical attention.

During the initial treatment with complaints of high blood pressure, the doctor, depending on the patient’s pressure level, will decide what treatment to prescribe. If the numbers are not too high, then treatment, as a rule, will begin with non-drug. What exactly does it include, and what recommendations can a doctor give you? They are quite simple and even banal.

Start exercising. Take daily walks (but not running, in which there is an increase in blood pressure), for at least 40 minutes on average, and then at a faster pace, go swimming. It has already been proven that not very intense exercise significantly helps to reduce pressure.

Lose a few pounds – after all, losing weight with the help of one diet or some exercises in itself already lowers blood pressure and cholesterol levels.

Please note that each cigarette smoked raises blood pressure by 10-20 points, and if alcohol is also consumed, the risk doubles and persists for half an hour. So, trying to relieve stress after work with a cigarette and a glass of wine, you only increase the potential danger. In general, reduce the amount of alcohol you consume. Permissible daily allowance for hypertension for people 30-40 years old: for men – 50-60 ml. vodka or 200 g of dry wine, or 500 ml. beer; for women, respectively, two times less.

Don’t take everything to heart, keep in mind that blood pressure spikes when people are stressed. If you suspect that there is a connection between your blood pressure and the stress you are experiencing, measure the pressure several times a day in various situations. Determine if your blood pressure is affected by stress. If yes, then the reason is found. In such a situation, various techniques of meditation, relaxation, deep breathing help. And sometimes it’s enough to discuss your problems with someone close to you.

Reduce your salt intake (by the way, this is very useful even if the pressure is normal), even more so if you are taking medications for hypertension, especially diuretics, because a large amount of salt can reduce the effect of drugs that lower blood pressure, or cause you to increase their dose, thereby increasing , the risk of side effects.

Try your best cut down on butter, ham, cheese, and other fatty foods, and eat a diet that limits animal fats. Be aware that protein-rich foods of animal origin (meat, eggs, full-fat dairy products) often provoke an increase in pressure, but fish and vegetable oils contribute to a steady decrease in pressure. As far as possible dispense with low-fat cottage cheese (it is desirable to take it daily), for cooking, use only liquid vegetable oils: corn, olive, soybean, sunflower. Be sure to eat more fruits and vegetables. Give up all kinds of “snacks” with such attractive food from “fast foods” – the amount of cholesterol in it just rolls over all the norms.

All these simple measures are, as a rule, very effective at the initial stage of hypertension. But in the absence of effectiveness, drug treatment is also prescribed. Its principles are that treatment begins with the adoption of any one drug (with minimal doses) and only then, with an insufficient effect of treatment or poor tolerance, a transition to drugs of another class will follow. In this case, it is desirable to use long-acting drugs (with a single dose); use of optimal combinations of several drugs. By the way, Adelfan, so popular with us, actually has quite unpleasant side effects and does not serve as a panacea for high blood pressure.

You can also try folk remedies if you are a staunch opponent of pills. Take 2 tablespoons (in equal parts) of the collection of motherwort, cudweed, fruits or flowers of hawthorn, pour 0.5 liters. boiling water, let stand for an hour, strain. Drink 3 times a day for 30 g before meals. Or regularly, for two months, drink a mixture (1 glass each) of beetroot, carrot, radish and lemon juice. Add 3 tablespoons of honey there and take this mixture in a tablespoon 2-3 times a day before meals. It is not only healthy, but also delicious.

Of course, the decision – to treat or not to treat – ultimately remains with the patient. You can’t force anyone to be happy. However, given that every third of us has high blood pressure, and knowing about its dire consequences, it still makes sense to take up prevention in time and contact a specialist in a timely manner.

Irina KORNEEVA, doctor-therapist of the highest category.

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