Natural birth control methods you need to know about

Health Tips

The main contingent of my patients are young women from 20 to 35 years old. reproductive age. Women come to me more often with complaints of menstrual irregularities and infertility. Even 20 years ago, before entering into sexual life, young women were worried about the issue of unplanned pregnancy, but now the question is different: will I be able to get pregnant. There is an unprecedented increase in infertility. Therefore, natural contraception is currently one of the ways for a woman to understand whether she is fertile or not.

“Vatican Roulette”

The most popular method is calendar. It is also ironically called “Vatican roulette” because it is the only contraceptive method allowed by the Catholic Church. Its essence lies in the calculation of “dangerous” and “safe” days based on the length of the cycle.

With a serious approach, you need to start by keeping a menstrual calendar for at least eight months, and preferably a year. I want to note right away that this is extremely difficult at the present time, since there is a lot of information around. I call it “the struggle for our attention”: advertising, work, the hum of cars, cellular communications, etc. Women often even forget to take hormonal contraceptives.

After that, the first fertile day is calculated from the duration of the shortest cycle, and the last fertile day is calculated from the duration of the longest. During fertile days, the likelihood of pregnancy is high, which means that you need to either avoid sexual activity or use condoms.

If you add a few days during which spermatozoa remain active in the tubes (5, but there are facts and 8 days), you get six to seven fertile (that is, favorable for conception) days.

Billings method

The difficulty is that it is possible to evaluate ovulation (the release of an egg from the ovarian follicle) only with an ultrasound examination, and it is impossible to predict its date with absolute accuracy. True, you can focus on the length of the menstrual cycle and use formulas to roughly determine the fertile period. You can also monitor cervical mucus. This method was first described by the Australian physician Billings.

The method consists in observing the secretion (production and excretion) of her cervical mucus by a woman. Starting from the last day of menstruation, the consistency of cervical mucus should be observed, making observations in a special table. To do this, you need to choose special designations for “dry” days, when the vaginal area remains dry to the touch, “fertile” – any type of mucus is observed, and “dangerous” days, when the mucus is wet and viscous. The last day of the “dangerous” is the most favorable day for conception, the “peak day”.

During a phase unfavorable for conception, cervical mucus is thick, possibly lumpy, forms a so-called plug, in which case the discharge is almost invisible, and the vagina feels “dry” to the touch. Closer to ovulation, the discharge becomes more transparent and fluid. From this point on, you should refrain from sexual intercourse or use other methods of contraception (for example, a condom) if the Billing method is used to prevent unwanted pregnancy.

After ovulation, the discharge becomes thick again, and then completely disappears. Since the pattern of discharge changes a few days before and a few days after ovulation, it is possible to calculate the approximate date of ovulation.

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