Otitis media is an inflammation of the ear.
Otitis is a very common disease that children are more susceptible to. Almost every child suffers at least one case of otitis media.
Adults often endure ear pain with traditional treatments, which can lead to hearing loss and more severe complications.
Anatomically, otitis externa, otitis media and internal are divided. However The most common inflammation of the middle ear is otitis media.. Otitis media can be catarrhal, or turn into purulent, more severe, with perforation of the eardrum.
The causative agents of otitis media are various microbes, viruses, and fungi. Often the infection enters the middle ear cavity through the auditory tube from the pharynx, for example, when sneezing, blowing your nose incorrectly, etc.. Sometimes the infection is brought into the ear with blood or lymph flow. An ear infection can be caused by trauma.
Predisposing factors for the development of otitis media:
- prolonged runny nose
- adenoids in children
- deviated septum
- decrease in the body’s defenses against the background of acute and chronic diseases
Symptoms of otitis media
The pain in the ear grows, becomes unbearable, can be given to the teeth, eyes, temporal and occipital part of the head.
If medical assistance is not provided in time, the pus breaks out, melting the eardrum, which is accompanied by relief of the condition, a decrease in pain, a decrease in body temperature, suppuration from the ear.
Subsequently, the middle ear is cleared of pus and the defect in the eardrum is closed with scar tissue.
However, not always purulent discharge finds its way out through the external auditory meatus. Possible penetration of pus through the bone walls of the cavity into the skullfor example, in the mastoid process (it can be felt behind your ear in the form of a dense bone formation) or the cavity of the inner ear, which is a severe complication of otitis media and often requires urgent surgical intervention.
Read more: How to treat otitis media?
Treatment of otitis media
On the first day from the onset of the disease, if the symptoms are moderate and there is no temperature, you can try to cope with otitis media on your own.
These days, it is necessary to use vasoconstrictor nasal drops to relieve swelling from the auditory tubes and nasal cavity. A cotton turunda soaked in a solution of boric alcohol is placed in the external auditory canal. You can make a warm bandage on the ear at night.
If by morning the condition has not improved, you should consult a doctor. Catarrhal otitis is treated conservatively, with the use of local remedies, usually in the form of drops, and general anti-inflammatory therapy. In case of development of purulent otitis media, strict bed rest is required. The doctor pierces the eardrum, removes purulent contents, rinses the middle ear cavity, prescribes antibiotic therapy, analgesic and anti-inflammatory therapy. Some complications during purulent otitis require surgical intervention.
With a timely visit to the doctor, the ear cavity is completely cleared, the inflammation disappears, the defect in the eardrum overgrows and hearing is completely restored.