Ovarian cancer – how to detect and prevent it

Health Tips

In 1992, the pink ribbon became a symbol of health education and a symbol of the fight against breast cancer. It took a quarter of a century for attention to the problem to become total. Now almost every woman knows about the need for regular mammograms. And almost everyone tries to observe the rules and terms of the examination.

It’s time to take it to the next level. Among female cancers, ovarian cancer ranks third in prevalence (after breast cancer and cervical cancer), but first in terms of mortality. This is a very aggressive but very secretive cancer. It is almost always discovered at a stage when it is almost impossible to do anything.

Therefore, yesterday we put on blue ribbons – a social project #lit the light was launched in Russia. It is both the light of knowledge and the light of hope. The lighthouse became the symbol of the campaign.

How to check yourself

  • Go to the site zazhgiluchsveta.rf – there you will see a test of seven questions.
  • Answer the questions.
  • Based on the results of the test, get a preliminary result: whether you have an increased risk of developing hereditary ovarian cancer.
  • If so, sign up for a FREE molecular genetic examination to detect mutations in the BRCA1, 2 genes.

If the results of genetic tests confirm the presence of mutations and a high risk of developing ovarian cancer, you can get a consultation at the Medical Genetic Research Center. True, face-to-face consultations and further examinations are still available only to residents of Moscow and Tomsk, where these centers are located. The rest (the program is available in 50 cities of Russia) will be offered brochures with recommendations from experts from the Russian Society of Clinical Oncology.

Why is it needed

Just because you have a mutation in the BRCA gene doesn’t mean you have ovarian cancer. But this means that you have a higher risk of encountering it than 85% of other women. It is also important that the protocol for treating cancer in the presence of a mutation is significantly different from that in the absence of a mutation.

Interestingly, in Russia, the analysis for mutations in the BRCA gene is cheaper than in many other countries. The fact is that it is possible to carry out a complete gene sequencing – and it is really expensive. And you can explore specific “segments” responsible for the development of hereditary diseases. So, in Russia, there are only eight defects that are “guilty” for most oncological problems: seven in the BRCA 1 gene and one in BRCA 2. They are checked. Therefore, the average price of diagnostics, even in paid laboratories, is 5,000 rubles.

Genetic analysis is done once in a lifetime, it does not need to be repeated annually: you are warned once and for all. But the question of what to do with this knowledge remains open. In the United States (do you still know the story of Angelina Jolie?), for such cases, an oophorectomy is provided – the removal of healthy ovaries before the first cancer cells are detected. No organ – no problems … It seems to be.

But the removal of the ovaries is not just infertility, it is premature menopause and all the diseases associated with it. In addition, if you seriously delved into all the stories associated with the “pink ribbons”, then you know that a mutation in the same BRCA gene is responsible for “hereditary” breast cancer. As it turned out, pancreatic cancer is also associated with BRCA breakdowns. You can’t delete everything preemptively…

Goodshapetips seriously intends to plunge into the study of the problem – and soon we will return to you with comments from geneticists and oncologists. In the meantime, just take control of the situation!

Photo: passion, press service archives

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