People without a signature: will disabled people be allowed to marry

Health Tips

When we talk about “handicap-accessible environments,” we usually think of ramps, elevators, beeping traffic lights, and corrugated paving slabs. When you’re healthy, you believe: make the ramps less steep and sheer, put the yellow tiles in the right direction, widen the elevator cabins so that the wheelchair can pass, and universal equality will come.

We would continue to think so if an 18-year-old boy with cerebral palsy had not published his petition on change.org.

She collected 130,000 signatures in one day.

What can disabled people do?

Ivan Bakaidov, due to cerebral palsy, cannot write: he is simply unable to hold a pen, let alone write letters due to constant involuntary muscle contraction. Because of the splitting of the palate, he cannot speak clearly. But all this does not prevent the guy from getting an education, developing computer programs and mobile applications for people with speech and movement disorders, preparing for the Paralympic Games (the competitions themselves, as you know, were not canceled for him alone) and speaking with his developments at the UN humanitarian summit . This did not even prevent him from falling in love with a girl with similar problems and starting to plan for the future … And here it turned out that not every environment is accessible to people with disabilities.

And what they can’t

Last summer, social networks spread the story of two Nizhny Novgorod lovers who were refused to be registered in the registry office on the grounds that both are blind, which means they do not see where to sign.

In fact, even then this refusal was not authorized: in 2014, Federal Law No. 267 “On Amending Certain Legislative Acts of the Russian Federation” was adopted, including the Law “On the Social Protection of the Disabled”. Blind people with disabilities were allowed to use a facsimile instead of their own signature. Therefore, in the end – after after the noise raised in the media – Nizhny Novgorod Romeo and Juliet were painted in another registry office …

But the precedent is really strange. A facsimile is made on the basis of this signature. If a blind person can sign for making a facsimile, then he can sign in the documents of the registry office. That is, just an innovation makes life easier for them, not too radically. But people with cerebral palsy, such as Ivan Bakaidov, cannot sign themselves. As well as, say, people who have lost their hands. But the amendments to the law do not apply to them.

Therefore, persons with disabilities constantly face difficulties in all public and financial institutions. They often cannot even receive their own pension due to the impossibility of signing.

Ivan is offended by being called incompetent. And officials, as a rule, forget that, in accordance with the Civil Code (Article 29), people who “because of a mental disorder cannot understand the meaning of their actions or control them” can be declared legally incompetent. It is hardly possible to say the same about a person who develops mobile applications and makes proposals that the Duma would never think of.

What do disabled people offer?

This is a quote from Ivan’s petition:

I ask the state to help solve this huge problem. I offer several solutions.

The first one is to allow fingerprint signing. This method is used in Western countries, for example, by the eminent physicist Stephen Hawking (England). Or in the Polish documentary “Like a Butterfly” the protagonist puts his signature on the film contract in this way“.

It’s amazing why the legislators, who have promoted the idea of ​​universal fingerprinting for so long and have not passed the facsimile law for the visually impaired for so long, did not consider such a simple option. Fingerprints, unlike facsimiles, cannot be stolen.

The second option is a facsimile for all groups of disabled people.

Moreover, it is necessary that both options are equally significant: it is obvious that people without fingers cannot put a fingerprint, but they can attach a stamp, even holding it with their teeth.

By the way

In fairness, it should be noted that some of the problems outlined in Bakaidov’s appeal are the result of bureaucratic illiteracy, and not defects in the legislation.

In 2012, Russia ratified the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities – and since then visually impaired people can receive loans and carry out other banking operations, and bank employees are required to read everything aloud to them. But people with cerebral palsy or those who do not have hands (and, by law, do not have a facsimile) are deprived of such privileges.

But everyone can get married. It is impossible only for the incompetent, that is, people with mental disorders. And cerebral palsy or even the complete absence of hands is not a reason for refusal.

PHOTO: shutterstock.com, kinopoisk.ru

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