“Pneumonia is an inflammatory process that affects the lung tissue. This disease is infectious in nature, it is caused by various types of pathogens: bacteria, viruses, fungi, protozoa. The causes of pneumonia in most cases are pneumococcus, streptococcus and staphylococcus aureus. In such cases, the person poses the greatest danger to others at the initial stage of the disease, when a large number of pathogenic microorganisms enter the environment, especially when a person coughs. Most often, pneumonia is contagious to others when it is provoked by the so-called atypical pathogens. Among them, mycoplasmas, chlamydia, legionella are common. Viruses are also classified as atypical pathogens.
When pneumonia develops as a secondary disease, against the background of viral infections such as influenza or SARS, the risk of getting these diseases during communication is very high – with kisses and other close contacts
A specific sign of pneumonia in an adult is a feeling of acute pain in the chest area during breathing and coughing. Plus shortness of breath. In children: fever, weakness, headache, pain in the chest or under the shoulder blades, cough, increased intoxication.
In both age groups, the body temperature can be very high up to 39-40C, or it can remain subfebrile 37.1-37.5C (with an atypical form). Therefore, even with a low body temperature, coughing, weakness and other signs of malaise, you should definitely consult a doctor.
11 days of fighting the disease
A recent story by TV presenter Aurora stirred up her Instagram. The girl told subscribers that she and her husband suffered coronavirus on their feet. The diagnosis was confirmed by laboratory tests made at the end of the treatment. Initially, they struggled with pneumonia, having had it at home, and clearly following the instructions of their pulmonologist (from a paid clinic).
“So no one confirmed the crown to us, but we are sure that it is (or was). Since all the signs are there – temperature 37.3-38.5, wild body aches, weakness, loss of smell and pneumonia as a result. Alexei has bilateral, in my right lung, ”wrote Aurora. The diagnosis was confirmed by computed tomography.
According to the TV presenter, they had never felt so bad before: terrible weakness, body aches, the temperature rose to 38 degrees. With all these symptoms, the couple refused hospitalization, as they did not want to leave their teenage daughter at home alone. The latter, by the way, did not get sick. Treatment spouses antibiotics lasted eleven days. The doctor prescribed them antiviral Tamiflu, antibiotic Tavanik, Berodual + Lazolvan inhalations, antihistamines (Tavigil, Tsetrin), bronchomunal. And also drink plenty of hot water and vitamin C (1000 ml per day). Recall that the treatment regimen is prescribed only by your doctor, based on the results of the tests. In this case, she was just that and put the spouses on their feet.
Shortness of breath is a warning sign
“The issue of prescribing home therapy is related to the degree of complexity of the course of the disease, the spread of pathology. Inflammation can affect one lung or be bilateral. A mild course of the disease without accompanying pathology is the basis for prescribing the treatment of pneumonia at home. The disease of moderate severity is treated on an outpatient basis. In the absence of results of therapy, patients are subject to hospitalization. Once again: all indications for home treatment or treatment in a hospital are determined by the attending physician.
The specialist will find out how oxygenated the patient’s blood is – this is a very important indicator, and will find out (by auscultation of the lungs) whether there are changes in breathing. If the situation does not cause concern, then for a couple of days the disease is treated as a normal ARVI. If there is no improvement, computed tomography of the chest organs is done. Doctors assure that the coronavirus specifically affects the lungs and treatment begins without waiting for the results of the analysis from the laboratory. Alas, in the current conditions of overcrowded hospitals, users are increasingly sharing the fact that the ambulance does not always go to the call, there are not enough places in hospitals, tests are not done for everyone … Nevertheless, with acute symptoms, the ambulance team is obliged to leave for you – insist on this !
When should you sound the alarm?
What are the consequences of pneumonia? After all, they say that in the case of coronavirus, pneumonia seriously affects the lungs, causing fibrosis (a serious pathology is the proliferation of connective tissue).
Experts do not agree with this opinion, because there is no clear evidence for this. It all depends on the specific case: whether the patient has chronic diseases, his age and immunity, as well as the treatment regimen. But the consequences of severe pneumonia can indeed be very serious. Complications include acute respiratory failure, pleurisy, pulmonary edema, sepsis. Needless to say, self-treatment is unacceptable? Yes, against the backdrop of a pandemic, many claim that they suffered pneumonia caused by a coronavirus on their feet, and someone is completely asymptomatic. This opinion is shared by many doctors. But if you mark yourself:
- shortness of breath
- temperature 38.5;
- weakness and aches in the body;
- pain in the chest when inhaling and coughing, then immediately call a doctor.
Remember that in today’s world, mortality from pneumonia ranks 4th after cardiovascular diseases, malignant neoplasms, injuries and poisoning. Before the era of antibiotics (and it began in the late 30s of the last century), 85 out of 100 patients died from lobar pneumonia (as pneumonia was then called) – 85%. 70% of all cases of pneumonia could be prevented with the vaccines that are now being successfully used.
Photo: Pexels.com, Instagram, Depositphotos.com
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