Postpartum Depression – Symptoms, Causes and Treatments

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The psychological state of the mother and ways out

Postpartum depression in our society is a relatively new phenomenon, although the problem as such has been around for a long time. In the era of industrialization, when people were drawn to big cities, and each family began to live separately from the older generation, it turned out that, on the one hand, here it is – a small happiness – a separate housing. On the other hand, in such a situation, a woman with a child in her arms is completely alone within four walls, and there is not always someone who is ready to lend a helping hand to a young mother and be constantly nearby.

After a happy event in the life of a young family and returning from the maternity hospital, the mother, in fact, lives in a mode of increased activity all 24 hours a day – to wash, feed, put to bed, clean up the house, and if there are other children, then the task becomes more complicated. factor of. It is good if the father of the child takes an active part in caring for the baby, giving the mother at least a little rest. But if this is not possible, the woman is “on the verge”.

Postpartum depression is a depressed and depressed mental state that occurs in about 20% of women. This is a signal that a woman has exceeded the mental, physical and emotional capabilities of the body to adapt to new conditions, and she needs immediate help. And the advice of “well-wishers” – to pull yourself together, not to dissolve – further exacerbate the already difficult condition of the young mother.

What is the expression of this state?

In women in a depressed state, all emotions and desires are oppressed. She does not want to eat, she takes food nominally, without pleasure. She does not want to work around the house, communicate with people, she avoids contact.

Postpartum depression manifests itself in different ways, it can manifest itself immediately after childbirth, or a month later, or 3-4 months after childbirth. Postpartum euphoria has already ended, and the baby still does not give a feedback on maternal care and affection.

Depression usually lasts from a few days to several months. The cause of postpartum depression is to some extent related to the hormonal changes that occur in a woman’s body after pregnancy and after childbirth.

However, there are others factors that increase the likelihood of depression:

  • если женщина испытывала депрессивные состояния и в другие периоды своей жизни;
  • существуют проблемы или трудности в отношениях с мужем/партнером;
  • ребенок родился недоношенным, болен или у него есть нарушения развития;
  • если женщина в недавнем прошлом потеряла близкого человека (например, умерли родители или кто-то еще, очень близкий).

There is an opinion that depression occurs more often in women with a high social status and level of education. However, this is not always the case. The risk of depression is much higher in women who live in difficult conditions, do not receive the support of loved ones, have problems with finances, work, and are subjected to violence. Famous and educated women in plain sight. They just can afford to talk openly about feelings and seek help.

One more cause of depression may be a difficult childhood of the mother herself. It is more difficult for a woman who grew up without maternal care and affection, in an orphanage or in a family where there were often scandals, to take care of a child. The earliest memories are not erased from memory, they continue to influence a person. Relatives do not understand the state of a woman, because the birth of a child should be a happy event! If depression still overtook, do not be afraid. However, it is worth remembering that depression is not a “spleen” and a “whim”, as some believe. Depression is a disease, and it should be treated by seeking help from specialists.

The first step out of depression is awareness of one’s condition. This is a normal stage in the life of every woman. And it doesn’t matter which child was born.

This state is temporary and will not last long. And most importantly, each person has their own internal resources to overcome this state. And communication with the child, joyful moments from touching him will help, first of all, to cope with the internal state.

Often depression is associated with feelings of guilt.. Mom thinks that she is doing something wrong or pays little attention to the child, especially if the baby was born prematurely or with health problems.

In this case, it is advisable to establish good contact with the pediatrician and ask questions to the doctor. You have every right to information about the health of your child and the prognosis of his further development.

The more information a woman has about the state of health of her child, the easier it will be for her to establish a daily routine, organize care for him, and then you can learn to recognize “alarming” symptoms!

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