Probiotics are preparations containing microorganisms from among the beneficial inhabitants of the intestine (symbiotic bacteria), as well as their metabolic products.
Probiotics are used to restore disturbed microflora. Probiotics are available in the form of medicines, added to food for the purpose of enrichment, and are also included in various food supplements.
Classification of probiotics
- monocomponent probiotics contain only one type of microorganism. For example, “Bifidumbacterin” – bifidobacteria, “Lactobacterin” – lactobacilli, “Colibacterin” – colibacteria, etc.;
- multicomponent probiotics include several types of microorganisms. For example, “Bifilong”, “Bifikol”, “Okarin”, “Acilakt”, “Lineks” and others;
- combined probiotics (synbiotics) – “two in one” – contain probiotics and prebiotics. For example, “Bifidumbacterin forte”, “Bifiliz”, “Bifiform”, “Bactistatin”, “Primadophilius”, “Polybacterin”, etc.
- recombinant (genetically engineered) probiotics – in the production of such drugs, useful genes are implanted into bacteria, bringing new properties to the colony.
Health Benefits of Probiotics
- Probiotics are able to fight pathogenic microbes and viruses. Probiotics, inhabiting the intestines, create unfavorable conditions for the growth and reproduction of pathogenic flora. Some types of probiotics are able to release substances that stimulate the immune system, as well as antibiotics that destroy the remaining “harmful” microbes.
Due to these properties, probiotics are used during intestinal infections, including those of a viral nature.
- Probiotics are involved in digestion, slowing down the processes of fermentation and putrefaction in the intestines, release various substances that strengthen and heal the intestinal wall.
- Probiotics perform the function of a second cookie: they cleanse the body of many poisons and toxins, and also bind waste products of the body and even pathogenic viruses on their surface. Standing out, probiotics carry away with them a significant part of the “garbage” that has accumulated in the intestines.
- According to one hypothesis, the phenomenon of longevity is associated with the presence in the intestines of a large number of beneficial bacteria – probiotics.
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