Peelings should not be carried out frequently, because the effect of chemical compounds thins the skin, the life cycle of cells is reduced, and acidic compounds can provoke gradual scarring of the tissue and the formation of rosacea. Below we provide a list of the most common symptoms and diseases when peeling procedures are completely contraindicated.
Dry irritated skin
Patients with dry, irritated, flaky skin that is prone to itching, cracking, and damage should not have peels. All these are symptoms of xerosis – abnormal drying of the skin, which can be a sign of skin diseases or a reaction to external factors: windiness, frost, unimportant ecology. Outwardly, the face looks inflamed and red, with visible lesions, the pores on it are practically invisible. Such skin requires very careful and gentle care, and peeling can increase the destruction of dermal cells. Cracks on the face allow chemicals, acids, which are used in the procedure and are potentially dangerous, to freely penetrate into the deep layers of the tissue, as well as lead to deep chemical burns and irreversible damage.
Inflammation on the face is also an absolute contraindication to peeling. Acne, pyoderma, pustular rash caused by staphylococci and streptococci, under certain conditions, can provoke the development of acute inflammation. Active reproduction of bacteria leads to a response of the dermis and provokes edema and lymphostasis. A peeling or exfoliation procedure, in which the upper layers of the skin are exfoliated with microdamage, can seriously aggravate the problem, increase swelling, disrupt lymph circulation and remove protective barriers for infection to penetrate into the deeper layers of the skin.
In addition, such microtraumas are a provoking factor for herpetic infection – strong peels can cause primary infection. At risk are patients with recurrent herpes, with reduced immunity, prone to skin inflammation, as well as with chronic dermatological pathologies: eczema, psoriasis, dermatitis, etc.
The vascular network or stars on the face is the first manifestation of rosacea, a disease in which capillaries become dilated, fragile and brittle due to skin sensitivity and impaired blood microcirculation. Couperosis is a genetic disease, which, however, a person can exacerbate, for example, by excessive drinking of alcohol – alcohol has a vasodilating effect; or eating hot and spicy foods and drinks; sudden changes in temperature; ultraviolet radiation on the skin, as well as stress and nervous strain. The impact of chemical, acid peels on the skin with signs of rosacea will lead to increased blood flow in the affected area, stagnation in the blood vessels of the skin and their additional excessive fragility and damage.
Speaking of hyperpigmentation, we mean areas and areas on the face or décolleté that are overly colored with dark pigment. And we do not always know the nature of such phenomena. As you know, pigmentation can be congenital and manifest itself in the form of freckles, birthmarks, or it can be acquired – in this case we are talking about skin diseases, for example, chloasma and melasma, which are often associated with hormonal disruptions, pathologies of the genitourinary, digestive systems, kidneys , violation of metabolic processes. The causes of hyperpigmentation are often injuries, oncological diseases, inflammatory processes in the skin, excessive exposure to the sun, antibiotics.
Medium and deep peels, due to the high concentration of acids, affect the dermis so deeply that they can provoke the destruction of the epidermal layers, the inflammatory process in them and vascular complications.
Peeling preparations contain substances such as pyruvate, lactate, carboxylic acids, retinol, salicylic acid, which are toxic and can cause intolerance – often in patients prone to various types of allergies. Such an aggressive immune response of the body can lead to serious complications. When the chemical comes into contact with the skin, histamine is released, which can cause swelling. Allergy to peeling is a common adverse reaction in cosmetology. Most often there is intolerance to chemical rather than mechanical procedures. Depending on how deep the drug penetrates into the dermis, symptoms of complications will appear. The reaction after peeling appears almost instantly – immediately after the procedure. A slight reddening intensifies every minute with a burning sensation, severe itching and swelling of the skin. To avoid such consequences, cosmetologists usually perform a skin test on the patient in the area of the elbow or wrist before starting the procedure to ensure safety.
Photo: Vostock Photo
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