Summer has come and the problem of combating insects that cause discomfort to humans is becoming more relevant than ever. Intrusive mosquitoes do not give rest in your own apartment and spoil your vacation outside the city. In addition, the places of their bites do not go away for a long time, they itch, itch, and in people with hypersensitivity they can even cause an allergic reaction.
In forests and city parks, ticks are activated, which, in addition to irritation, itching and pain in the bite area, are carriers of many dangerous viral diseases.
Today Goodshapetips will tell you how to protect yourself from mosquito and tick bites, as well as give some recommendations to minimize the consequences.
How to protect yourself from mosquitoes?
There are many mosquito repellents. They differ in form, time of action and method of application. Let’s consider each of them in order.
The most popular chemical insecticides can be divided into two groups: fumigants and repellents.
Fumigants (from lat. Fumigo – smoke, fumigate) belong to the group of chemicals against insects that kill them. For domestic use, they are produced in the form of plates or spirals impregnated with a poisonous substance – an insecticide.
In the first case, a device with a plate – the electric fumigator is plugged into an outlet, the plate heats up, from heat poison begins to evaporate, and, after a while, the mosquitoes in the room leave you alone, and then die altogether.
There is also another version of the electric fumigator – liquid. It looks like a small vial with liquid and a rod inside. And the principle of operation of such a device is the same as in the version with plates, with the only difference being that the rod is heated here.
The efficiency of an electric fumigator directly depends on the size of the room in which it is used. High-quality, good device, designed for a room about 12 square meters in size. If the room is larger, you will have to use several devices.
Fumigants, produced in the form of compressed coils impregnated with insecticide, begin to act after they are set on fire – the smoke dissipates and at first simply repels mosquitoes, and subsequently also kills.
A smoking spiral is great for a trip out of town, fishing, on an open terrace in the country and is not recommended for use in cramped living quarters. In terms of efficiency, it is actually no different from the electric fumigators described above, only the radius of action varies.
Repellents (from lat. Repello – to drive away, repel) – unlike fumigants, they do not kill insects, but only scare them away for a while.
Repellents also come in different forms and come in the form of creams, aerosols, emulsions, soaked wipes, sticks that are applied directly to exposed skin or sprayed directly onto clothing.
The most common repellent chemical found in repellents is diethyl phthalate (DEET), which is itself toxic. Therefore, it is extremely important to ensure that when using a product that contains DEET, it does not get into the mouth, eyes, and damaged exposed skin.
The mechanism of action of those repellents, which include alcohols, essential oils, esters is different. Some products make the surface of our skin inedible for mosquitoes, others scare away with a pungent smell, others, evaporating, irritate the sense of smell of insects, and they simply stop noticing you for some time.
Repellents work. typically 2-3 hours, but creams provide longer lasting protection.
Disadvantages of using chemicals
The most important disadvantage when using the above means is that they contain toxic substances, even in small quantities.
Studies by specialists have shown that insecticides caused the strongest symptoms in 12% of citizens. allergic reaction no matter what remedy was used.
An electric fumigator is an electrical device that requires increased caution when using.
Where do you need mosquito protection?
For walks on the street or at a picnic, repellents are better for protection.
In an apartment, in a house, in a country house or in any other enclosed space, use fumigants. It is better to use a smoking coil in an open space – in a closed one they can be very dangerous.
By the way, when the temperature outside is above 28 degrees, mosquitoes do not bite, and you can absolutely not use anything to scare them away.
Folk remedies for mosquito control
Repellers of another action
The newest mosquito repellant on the market is a kind of repeller that works with ultrasound or current.
These devices are mains powered and some repel insects with the help of ultrasonic waves that a person cannot hear, while others, on the contrary, attract them and kill them with a low-discharge electric shock.
To date, these mosquito control products are the most effective, but the impact on humans of such devices has not yet been fully explored, so it’s up to you to decide whether to use them.
Folk remedies for mosquito control
If you are against the fight against mosquitoes with chemical agents, or those at the right time suddenly were not at hand, time-tested folk remedies can become a salvation. We offer some of them.
Mosquitoes are very sensitive to smell and cannot tolerate the smell. cloves, cedar, anise and eucalyptus. If you have oil from at least one of the listed plants, spread it on exposed areas of the body and mosquitoes will avoid meeting you for some time. Also, the oil of the same plants can be applied to a piece of cloth or cotton wool and spread around the room – these annoying insects will not bother you either.
dried chamomile – one more tool. Grind chamomile flowers, put it in a linen bag and carry it with you. Chamomile is harmless to humans, but affects the nerve cells of mosquitoes.
Natural deterrents also include tobacco smoke, smoke from juniper twigs, spruce or pine cones, camphor. When hiking, throw a couple of cones into the fire and mosquitoes will not fly closer than 5 meters. Indoors, put a piece of camphor in an aroma lamp – this will effectively save you from their presence.
Carbolic acid Great for fighting annoying insects. Sprinkle the wall near the bed with it, moisten your face and hands with a weak solution – and you can sleep peacefully. The same tool will be effective when traveling out of town, for example, fishing, where entire mosquito armies are often found.
And be sure to try in the summer months to protect your home from an unexpected invasion, at least with gauze nets on the windows.
Mosquito protection for children
Mosquitoes are very fond of biting children, because they have such delicate skin that it is easy to bite through. How can you effectively protect them?
First of all, if the child is small and spends time outdoors in a stroller or in a crib at home, build a canopy for him from gauze fabric or some kind of fine mesh.
For older kids, choose repellents that are labeled “for kids” or “safe for kids” – Table of Contents chemical substances they are low.
School-age children, provided they do not have allergies, can use the usual repellents in the form of cream and milk, carefully following the manufacturer’s recommendations.
It is strongly not recommended to use devices with chemical components in a room where the child sleeps or spends a lot of time.
If you are bitten by a mosquito
If, nevertheless, a mosquito bite could not be avoided, first of all, attach something to the bite site cold – it will help quickly relieve itching and swelling.
Then wipe the wound drinking soda solution or alcohol-containing solutioncologne for example, or apply a little toothpaste.
If the edema has not decreased after the measures taken, drink antihistamine or lubricate the bite antiallergic ointment.
And try do not comb the bite site so as not to aggravate the situation.
How to protect yourself from ticks?
By themselves, these insects do not carry any danger, but they can carry dangerous infectious diseases, such as tick-borne encephalitis and borreliosis.
But not every tick is a carrier of the virus, only 1-2 out of 10 are contagious and pose a serious direct threat to human health.
By the way, outwardly healthy and infected ticks are no different and their bite is completely painless.
The main habitat of ticks is not at all on trees, as most people think, but on bushes and grass. The tick feels the approach of the target in advance and prepares to attack. If he succeeded, and he gets on the skin, then he quickly sticks to it. And if the tick is a carrier of the virus, it immediately enters the blood of people.
After a few days, if it is not detected, the insect falls off on its own, and the person may not even know that he is already infected. Therefore, it is very important to be able to protect yourself and loved ones from such uninvited guests as much as possible.
Going for a walk in a city park or forest, try to wear such clotheswhich will be able to cover the maximum area of your body, as well as enjoy headwear. Clothing and body surface can be additionally processed repellents, that repel ticks.
Try to walk along paved paths or trodden paths – do not climb into a dense thicket.
After each such walk, be sure to carefully inspect clothes and body surface.
For people with an increased risk of meeting ticks (summer residents, tourists, foresters), it is necessary to go through encephalitis vaccination procedure. Everyone else also does not hurt to make such a vaccination.
The best prevention against infection with tick-borne encephalitis is the rapid detection and removal of an already attached tick from the surface of the skin. Due to its physiological characteristics, the tick does not immediately begin to drink blood. Therefore, its rapid detection reduces the risk of becoming infected.
If you find a tick too late, don’t panic and try to remove it carefully. To do this, you need to drop vegetable oil on it, wait for a while (15-20 minutes), then slip a loop of thin thread under the lower legs and begin to slowly, with swinging movements, remove it.
You can also call doctors at home or go to the hospital, they will remove the insect by professional methods and take it for examination.
After successful removal of the tick within three days, you should definitely go to the hospital for preventive measures against encephalitis. And continue monitoring for the next 30 days.