We are so accustomed to this product that we don’t even think about what benefit or harm it brings. An unhealthy love for salty is the misfortune of all mankind. Along with civilization came new ways of cooking – marinades, canned food, pickles.
According to the World Health Organization, the daily salt intake is no more than 5 grams.On average, most people consume up to 10 grams of salt per day. In addition, do not forget that salt is present in almost all ready-made products sold in the store: bread, cheese, canned food, sausages, etc.
Why do we use it everywhere? Because it is a habit. After two to three weeks of complete rejection of salt, the sensitivity of the taste buds of the tongue is restored, and the person begins to feel the real taste of the products.
Salt harms the kidneys, heart and blood vessels, increases the excitability of the nervous system and dehydrates the body.People with hypertension (high blood pressure) know that avoiding salt can greatly improve their well-being.
The doctors made an official statement: salt raises blood pressure. The more salt a person eats, the higher their risk of developing hypertension and cardiovascular disease. An independent factor in the spread of arterial hypertension is sodium. It prevents the withdrawal of fluid, in other words, it contributes to its accumulation in the body. The blood liquefies, increasing in volume, which becomes difficult for the heart to “drive”. Scientists have found that there are people who are especially sensitive to high salt content in foods.
Experts note that reducing the amount of salt intake almost immediately helps to normalize blood pressure.
Recent studies have shown thatto normalize the pressure, it is necessary to reduce the daily salt intake to 1-1.5 grams.If such a sharp transition scares you, then try not to salt the food during its preparation, it is better to salt the already prepared dish on the table. With this method, the total amount of salt used will be less.
The benefits of salt
But at the same timeour body needs salt. The basis of the blood of any living organism is a saline solution of low concentration; salt is also part of the gastric juice; even our negative emotional outpourings – tears – taste salty.
Sodium chloride ions contained in salt are necessary to maintain the balance of stomach acidity, they are involved in the process of delivering glucose and amino acids to the blood and stimulate the activity of enzymes inside cells. Sodium maintains normal muscle contractility, vascular wall tone, excitability and relaxation processes. Up to 30% of sodium is deposited in bone tissue, about the same amount in the cellular system of the body.
Chlorine is involved in the regulation of water balance in the body, in the regulation of kidney function. It is most abundant in the skin and lungs.
Scientists have found thatlack of salt seriously affects the psychological state of a person – decreased physical activity, depression.