shameful diseases

Health Tips

For some reason, in our society it so happened that when talking about sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) (and related, by the way, to the infectious group), we suddenly begin to experience embarrassment and shyness that are not characteristic of us. At the same time, we cannot speak frankly on this topic, not only with our girlfriends and friends, but sometimes even with our doctor. And the only thing that immediately pops up in my memory is, for some reason, only syphilis and gonorrhea. And that’s all.

At the same time, there are more than thirty similar (only fairly well-known) diseases in nature; some of them, however, are completely asymptomatic, which is why many do not even suspect that they are sick. In order to expand the boundaries of our knowledge in this matter, we will focus on the most common diseases.

AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome)

Imagine, this “plague of the 20th century” in fact also refers to banal sexually transmitted diseases. AIDS develops as a result of infection with a virus called the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The concentration of this virus is highest in the blood, semen, and vaginal secretions of those infected. Most people who become infected with HIV do not initially have any symptoms, so they may not know they are infected for a long time. As a rule, the first symptoms may be fever, temperature 37.5-37.8about C, weight loss greater than 10%, increased sweating, unexplained weakness, fatigue, swollen lymph nodes occurring within 2 to 6 weeks of HIV infection.

Transmission routes:

the most common is sexual (during genital, oral, anal sex with an HIV-infected person);

through the blood (during the transfusion of blood or its components);

injection (with the introduction of all kinds of drugs with a syringe or a needle that was in use);

from mother to child through the placenta or while breastfeeding.

It should be remembered that it is impossible to get infected: with the bites of blood-sucking insects, by airborne droplets, in bathrooms, through dishes and food, by household contact. It should also be remembered that AIDS, unfortunately, is currently incurable.

Syphilis

The most famous consequence of short minutes of promiscuous love among the masses. More recently, it was a scarecrow for many people, because it was distinguished by severe, almost incurable consequences. Moreover, from history we are well aware of the mass of examples when it was this disease that brought great people to the grave. So, despite the high degree of curability in modern conditions, this disease should not be ignored.

Primary syphilis (incubation period up to 6 weeks) is distinguished by a painless, long-lasting ulcer of red-crimson color 2-4 cm in size with smooth edges on the genitals or in the oral cavity, an increase in inguinal lymph nodes. If treatment is not carried out, then syphilis quickly passes into the second stage.

Secondary syphilis (a rash appears on all areas of the skin, alopecia – hair loss, the appearance of light spots on the skin of the shoulder girdle or neck) appears after 6 weeks to 6 months after the onset of primary ulcers.

Transmission routes: the main – sexual, less often – household.

Effects: if the necessary treatment is not carried out during primary or secondary syphilis, then the disease passes into the third stage, when the internal organs, the central nervous system, visual impairment and so on occur. Which in turn leads to disability.

Herpes genital

This is the closest relative of the well-known “cold” – itchy rashes on the lips during a sore throat or other colds. In essence, these diseases are very similar. Only the “location” and the severity of the consequences differ. Symptoms: a few days after sexual contact, cold-like manifestations occur, small painful vesicles on the genitals, burning or itching before the appearance of rashes. All this can last for 1-3 weeks. The disappearance of rashes does not mean that they will not appear again. It is also possible to be asymptomatic. By the way, it is believed that herpes is practically not cured to the end, to one degree or another, its manifestations can occur at any time.

Transmission routes: sexual.

Effects: the most severe is infertility.

Gonorrhea

Also one of the most common and unpleasant “guests” of our body. Symptoms: 2-21 days after sexual contact with the patient, thick, abundant purulent discharge from the vagina, burning and pain during urination, pain in the lower abdomen appear.

Transmission routes: sexual.

Effects: often leads to severe lesions of the genitourinary organs, impotence, infertility.

Chlamydia

For some reason, popular rumor classifies it as one of the least severe STDs, which is a serious misconception that sometimes even leads to tragic consequences. And then it won’t seem enough. Symptoms: 7-21 days after sexual contact with the patient, vaginal discharge, bleeding outside of menstruation, burning or pain during urination, fever, nausea, abdominal pain, often accompanied by diarrhea, appear. Asymptomatic course of the disease is possible, especially in men.

Transmission routes: sexual.

Effects: often leads to severe lesions of the genitourinary organs, impotence, infertility, infection of the child during childbirth.

Genital warts (genital warts)

Also, this disease usually causes a rather frivolous attitude. It would seem that such skin changes can be dangerous? Well, except from an aesthetic point of view, it’s unpleasant. However, here, too, delusions sometimes lead to unpleasant consequences, which one has to regret for the rest of one’s life. Symptoms: Warts appear 1-6 months after sexual contact with an infected person. They are small thickened nodules (which do not disappear), similar to cauliflower, on the genitals and around the anus. The patient experiences itching or burning around the genitals.

Transmission routes: sexual.

Effects: in neglected states, the development of tumor diseases is possible, as well as infection of the child during childbirth.

Trichomoniasis

It differs in that it sometimes misleads patients about the diagnosis and is generally difficult to diagnose, since it affects not only the reproductive system. Symptoms: itching, vaginal discharge, frequent urination appear on the 3-15th day. Men may be asymptomatic.

Transmission routes: sexual.

Effects: inflammation of the urinary tract, which can turn into other serious diseases, leaving a reminder for life.

* * *

Of course, it is impossible to predict the situations in which any of us may fall. It is not for nothing that people say: if you know where you fall, you can lay straws … However, in this case, it is quite possible to stock up on such “straws” and, knowing about the symptoms and consequences of sexually transmitted diseases, you, I hope, will be able to at least partially reduce the risk infections. So that later you never regret the minutes of past love.

Svetlana Shuklina.

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