What cholesterol is considered high
The indicator of total cholesterol is included in the biochemical blood test: if it is above 5 mmol / l, then this is already a reason to consult a doctor. And if more than 8 mmol / l, then, most likely, you can no longer do without special drugs (most often these are statins). The most unpleasant thing is that even a young, slender woman who does not eat fast food and practices yoga, that is, leads a conditionally healthy lifestyle, can detect such a figure in her analyzes.
“Bad” and “good” cholesterol
Cholesterol is necessary for the body – it is an important building material of cells and the basis for the synthesis of hormones. But there are different types of cholesterol – like a good and an evil policeman – everything is not so simple with them. Officially, low-density lipoproteins (LDL) are considered “bad”: if there are too many of them, they settle on the walls of blood vessels, leading to the formation of atherosclerotic plaques. And this can lead to heart attack, stroke, thrombosis and death. Actually, it is for this reason that you need to control cholesterol levels: to avoid atherosclerosis.
Normalize the amount of LDL helps “good” cholesterol: high-density lipoprotein (HDL). These lipoproteins transport excess cholesterol from the vascular wall to the liver, where they are disposed of, as in a chemical laboratory.
Worst of all, if total cholesterol is increased due to “bad”: its normal values should not exceed 3 mmol / l. But sometimes it happens that the overall indicators increase due to the “good” cholesterol – and then, if the “bad” one is normal, there is no problem.
The norm of “good” HDL cholesterol for women is considered to be from 1.2 mmol / l, for men from 1.1 mmol / l. Moreover, if this indicator is from 1.7 to 2.1, then this is considered a good bid for longevity, Olga Korneeva notes.
14 Reasons You May Have High “Bad” Cholesterol
The primary reason is congenital pathology lipid metabolism, most often hereditary.
Among the secondary causes, the following are widely known:
Arterial hypertension (high blood pressure)
However, not everyone knows that taking oral contraceptives (OK) can also become a risk factor.
Another non-obvious risk factor – sugar. It would seem that high cholesterol has always been associated with fatty foods, not sweet ones. But the second is no less dangerous.
kidney failure can also play a role in raising cholesterol levels, because it is also excreted through the kidneys, and when they are dysfunctional, the output is disturbed, and “bad” cholesterol lingers in the body. Therefore, with an elevated cholesterol level, be sure to look at the level of a renal marker – creatinine.