Stroke: how not to miss the symptoms, who is at risk and how …

Health Tips

First aid

A condition in which cerebral circulation is impaired is called a stroke. Diseases of the heart and blood vessels in the first place in the ranking of causes of death. The WHO estimates that millions of people die each year from heart attacks and strokes. Timely diagnosis and timely assistance is very important. There are frequent cases when an ambulance arrives does not hospitalize a person with a hypertensive crisis, limiting himself to only a pill under the tongue. This happens if the pressure that has risen has decreased. But after the departure of the medical team, it can rise sharply again and end in a hemorrhage …

According to statistics, men are more likely to be hospitalized with this diagnosis. At the same time, women have a higher risk of dying from a stroke. Doctors are sounding the alarm for another reason: a stroke is rapidly getting younger. Among the patients there are 30-40-year-old people. In the risk zone, the doctor and TV presenter Elena Malysheva has repeatedly said, children with high cholesterol. Those with hereditary hypercholesterolemia. If someone in the family had a stroke (or heart attack) before the age of 50, children should also be tested for the presence of this ailment.

Everyone has heard about the symptoms of a stroke, but it will not be superfluous to recall. You need to ask the person:

  • smile;
  • raise two hands at the same time;
  • say something clearly;

Often people who have experienced a stroke complain of a numb side of the body and severe headache, nausea, and weakness. And it’s good if a person can independently call for help and generally speak!

How can events develop?

Ischemic stroke

Occurs in more than 80% of cases. Blood does not flow to the brain because the artery that feeds it is partially or completely blocked. A thrombus or embolus (blood clot) can block it.

Hemorrhagic stroke

Occurs when a weakened blood vessel that feeds the brain ruptures. They also say that there was a cerebral hemorrhage: some of the cells are deprived of blood supply and oxygen.

Any stroke can be accompanied by cerebral edema, which does not occur immediately. That is why it is so important to get qualified help and prevent complications.

For strokes caused by a blood clot, time is also of the essence. It should be possible to either remove it surgically or medically. And lucky if we are talking about the second method.

Manipulations are effective in the first few hours after a stroke. There are no drugs that can bring dead cells back to life.

Transient ischemic attack

A variant of short-term circulatory disorders in the brain is also possible. For example, a person in the morning discovers that one hand suddenly goes numb – not for long. It seems an accident, you can continue to do your own thing. This is dangerous carelessness!

Who is at risk

It is important to understand that a stroke does not just happen if the body is healthy. Although we often hear from relatives, they say the person did not complain about anything. In fact, there were harbingers, but not everyone pays attention to them. So, at risk are people over 55 years old (the figure is very conditional), who have:

  • high blood pressure;

  • lipid imbalance, obesity;

  • atherosclerosis (possible separation of a blood clot with the development of acute ischemia);

  • smoking experience (increased risk of developing blood clots);

  • diabetes;

  • cardiac pathologies;

  • family history (close relatives had strokes and heart attacks);

  • kidney disease.

Often, patients do not show due consciousness, even knowing about serious illnesses and relatives who died from a stroke. How is it shown? Your elderly relative, despite hypertension, drinks prescribed medications irregularly. Either he forgot, then he went to bed earlier, then the pills ran out … While the pressure level must always be maintained at the right level, the readings of the tonometer should be recorded in the diary twice a day.

There are those who, even after suffering a heart attack, after getting out, try to return to their usual way of life as soon as possible, ignoring the prescriptions of doctors. Here it is important to convey to the person what consequences he can expect: death or years in a paralyzed state. A stroke does not pass without a trace: according to statistics, only 10% of people who survive it recover completely. Repeated hemorrhage occurs in every fourth patient. That is why it is so important to completely rebuild the habitual way of life and begin to monitor your health, strictly following the prescriptions of doctors.

Photo: Depositphotos.com, Pixabay.com

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