Sunburn is a serious injury to the skin caused by excessive solar radiation.
Most often, sunburn occurs on the skin of the nose, the back of the hands and feet, shoulders and back. These areas are most exposed to the sun. There is a particularly high probability of overestimating one’s strength and getting burned in the highlands and on the water, as well as in the snow: in these cases, ultraviolet activity is increased.
The safest diffused sunlight in cloudy weather, in the shade, as well as in the hours before 11 in the afternoon and after 16 in the evening.
Signs of a burn that took place, alas, are familiar to many: pain when touching the skin, redness, burning. If a “decent” part of the body is burned, general symptoms such as weakness, headache, dizziness, nausea, fever are added – it all depends on the extent of the lesion and your health. In young children and the elderly, even a slight sunburn can lead to severe general intoxication.
Early symptoms that should stop your exposure to the sun are the appearance of a pinkish tint on the skin, blanching for a long time at the point of pressure on the skin with a finger, a feeling of pressure on the skin even when you remove the finger. These signs indicate that you have already received an excessive dose of solar energy, but dangerous consequences can still be prevented. If you sit on the beach a little more, a burn is inevitable.
White-skinned people with blond hair and eyes burn the fastest. Their skin has the least amount of melanin – a natural anti-solar pigment that protects us from the damaging effects of ultraviolet radiation.
Read more: What to do
First aid for sunburn
After leaving the “place under the sun” take a cool bath. So you cool the skin, reduce blood flow, inflammation and swelling, and soothe pain somewhat. Apply any moisturizer to the skin: from folk sour cream to specially created creams for this purpose, the content of aloe vera, chamomile extracts, calendula and vitamin E.
The main thing is to do all the manipulations gently, without unnecessary friction and pressure, so as not to further injure the damaged skin.
If there is a general malaise, anti-inflammatory and antipyretic drugs (Nimika, Paracetamol, Ibuprofen), antihistamines (Cetrin, Suprastin, Claritin), as well as multivitamins will help. However, before taking it, it is better to consult a doctor.