In extreme heat, all people sweat, which means that thermoregulation is working normally. But sometimes the process of sweating is too intense, then prickly heat often occurs – a skin disease that brings a lot of trouble. Today Goodshapetips will tell you how to deal with this problem in adults.
Many mistakenly believe that prickly heat is akin to diaper rash and usually appears in children. However, this disease occurs in adults and is externally manifested by skin lesions, which are usually covered by clothing, which creates a kind of “greenhouse effect”. As a result, small erythematous vesicles appear on the skin, accompanied by swelling and itching.
Causes of prickly heat
- Hyperhidrosis, or increased sweating due to dysfunction of the apocrine glands;
- Endocrinological diseases: hypo- and hyperthyroidism, diabetes mellitus;
- Overweight and obesity;
- Diseases of the cardiovascular system;
- neurological diseases;
- Infectious diseases, accompanied by a feverish condition, provoking increased sweating;
- Hard physical work, especially in dry and hot climates;
- Failure to comply with the rules of personal hygiene;
- Wearing tight synthetic clothing;
- The use of “heavy” tonal or oily nourishing creams in the hot season, especially with sensitive skin.
Symptoms of sweating in adults
Experts distinguish three main forms of this disease, depending on the course and severity of the process:
crystal prickly heat – appears after intense physical activity in the form of very small (1-2 mm in diameter) bubbles that have a shade similar to mother of pearl. The rash resolves on its own within a few days, does not require treatment;
red prickly heat – alarming to a greater extent, since it captures rather large areas of the skin, which is sharply hyperemic, and on its surface there are nodules filled with serous fluid. Hyperemic spots gradually merge, fluid is released from the bursting nodules, these phenomena are accompanied by pain and itching. Most often, prickly heat is localized in closed folds of the skin: armpits, in the inguinal zone, under the mammary glands in women;
Papular, or deep, prickly heat – the most severe and long-lasting form. Most often, it is the result of a neglectful attitude to the previously developed prickly heat. In the absence of timely treatment, the ducts of the sweat glands are completely clogged with exfoliated epithelium, gradually swell, and then rupture with the formation of blisters first, and then papules. In the process of rupture of the clogged duct, infection may be added, and then microbial eczema occurs, the treatment of which can take a very long time: from a month to several years.
If the first two forms are subject to self-treatment at home, then papular miliaria has to be treated under the strict supervision of a dermatologist.
How to treat prickly heat
The main thing you have to deal with when getting rid of prickly heat is excessive sweating, hyperhidrosis. It is very important to understand that already with the red form of prickly heat, you should consult a doctor, because it is with this form that the inflammatory process can be attached and the appointment of antibacterial drugs will be required. Modern traditional medicine offers two main ways of treatment: medical and surgical.
Among the medicines in the medical arsenal there are the following drugs:
- formalin solution, zinc ointments and creams for drying the skin. Also sometimes baby powder helps a lot;
- very effective betamethasone ointment, Bepanten, as well as ointments based on camphor and menthol;
- antiseptic solutions are necessary to treat the affected areas of the skin in order to avoid infection; boric and salicylic acids, Fukortsin, Chlorophyllipt and other drugs are well suited for this purpose;
- with a nervous breakdown that causes excessive sweating, sedatives are prescribed;
- with severe itching and swelling, antihistamines are used.
Botox is used to temporarily block sweating, but to permanently block the functioning of the sweat gland, a surgical method of treatment is used, in which the surgeon completely cuts the nerve leading to this gland, but this method is advisable to use with hyperproduction of the sweat glands.
A good effect is also provided by reflexo-, acupuncture and physiotherapy.
Among grandmother’s recipes, you can find many recipes for drying and antiseptic solutions. Here is some of them:
- Herbal collection, composed of 1 teaspoon of celandine, half teaspoons of herbs of hawthorn, burdock and horsetail and mint at the tip of a teaspoon, pour a glass of boiling water and insist for 4 hours. Strained solution wipe the areas affected by prickly heat, three times a day.
- Take 1 tablespoon of string, calendula or chamomile, pour a glass of boiling water and leave for 30 minutes. In the same way, you can insist 7-8 leaves of eucalyptus. Wipe rashes with infusions.
- A tablespoon of oak bark is infused in a glass of boiling water, the solution is added to the bath.
Prevention of prickly heat
People suffering from excessive sweating should carefully observe personal hygiene, take a shower at least 2 times a day, carefully dry the skin, blotting it with a soft towel, and not rubbing it. As often as possible, change clothes to dry and clean, wear things made from natural fabrics, avoid heavy physical exertion, and it is advisable to bring the weight back to normal with the help of a diet. In addition, fatty, sweet and spicy in any case, it is useful to exclude from the diet.