Many of the ads have heard or read the cryptic phrase “does not contain GMOs” on the packaging, however, they do not know exactly what it is and whether it is dangerous. The problem of genetically modified or man-made product properties has been known for a long time – the famous selection and its adherents Michurin and Vavilov, who are described in all school biology textbooks, are, in fact, the first people who received such products.
But is it dangerous to eat such products, will they harm the body of an adult or a child? What are genetic modifications for, is it difficult to get them? – these questions are answered by Goodshapetips.
About transgenic products, mutations and controversial issues
The issues of gene interventions in various foods are of concern to many people, especially those who are far from biology, molecular genetics and medicine. Everything unknown and incomprehensible is generally frightening, and the latest technologies seem very dangerous to many.
We all know about genetic mutations, we are told through television and cinema that mutations are dangerous and evil, mutants are terrible and scary. But, in fact, any plant, animal and even a person on modern earth are mutants. Their genetic programs are very much changed even in comparison with people and animals, plants that lived and grew on Earth several centuries ago.
And this is normal, because mutation is a constant and regular process, it is intended in nature to carry out the process of evolution and to consolidate useful properties, to reject harmful and unnecessary ones.
Man has thoroughly studied the mechanisms of mutation at the molecular level – this helps in the treatment of many diseases, obtaining new species of plants and animals.
How are genetically modified foods obtained?
Products with genetically modified properties are obtained in breeding laboratories after a comprehensive study of the properties of wild plants and their cultivated counterparts. transgenic are plants into which a “good” gene is artificially introduced by a person (it can be taken from other plants), which gives the plant properties that distinguish it favorably.
This gene, manifested in combination with the usual genes of a plant, gives it fertility, climate resistance, or improves the taste and shelf life of the fruit, making it inaccessible to pests. Considering the growing population of the Earth, this is a very useful property, because these are additional food products.
Work on the study of the properties of genes and their introduction, the study of the properties of hybrids are carried out in the laboratories of agricultural institutes and research institutes. Products will not be released into mass production without a comprehensive study of their properties – safety in terms of growth, processing and nutrition.
Today there are more than fifty species of plants that are obtained by a similar method – they include tobacco and soybeans, certain varieties of apples and tomatoes, eggplant, and many other plants consumed for food. Outwardly, they do not differ in any way from ordinary ones; only biologists can recognize them through complex procedures.
Russia is not yet engaged in the production and cultivation of genetically modified foods, but, given the volume of food imports from abroad, according to conservative estimates, from 20 to 35% of your table products are products with similar properties. There is no ban on the import of such products in our country, there is only an obligation for manufacturers to indicate on the packaging if they use more than 5% of such raw materials.
Pros of GMOs
Of course, all GMO production is aimed at good purposes, the benefits of genetically modified goods are economic benefits. By reducing the cost of production and weed control, the absence of chemicals and pesticides, these products cleaner and cheaper than natural.
They can solve the problem of providing the population with inexpensive food – vegetables and fruits, which are sorely lacking, especially in the winter season. These products are less susceptible to drought and more productive. There are fewer and fewer fields, which means that it is necessary to increase the yield from each meter of land – this is the main goal of GMOs.
Such frugal agriculture will help producers and support their development, they will be able to feed their families and provide a sufficiently large number of consumers.
Biologists also note the positive aspects in the development of the market for transgenic products – it is no secret that almost all cultivated plants have their own pests, they force producers to treat fields and seedlings, sometimes with quite harmful substances.
In addition, these plants are capricious and demanding – they need top dressing with fertilizers with harmful nitrate additives. And chemistry, when it enters the body, does not bring any benefits. Transgenic varieties can be developed to meet these requirements − avoid chemicals, nitratesand this will ease the load on the liver and immunity of people.
What is the danger of GMOs?
Dangers of GMOs
However, opponents of GMOs put forward their theses in opposition to supporters. It is believed that it is too early to talk about the complete safety of these products, not enough time has passed to see the long-term consequences of these plants and products. There are no independent experts ready to assess the risks, society is completely unaware of the properties of this kind of products.
In addition, many are afraid of the very impact on genes – people are afraid of genetic diseasesincluding the risk of development cancer, After all, no one has yet proven complete harmlessness. Of course, the genes from the products will not penetrate the human genome, but it is impossible to predict all the consequences.
In addition, the use of genetically modified plants can disturb the ecological balance in naturethere is a possibility that many natural plants will die out, unable to withstand the competition, which will give a change in the food chains of plants and animals.
Conclusions can only be drawn in 40-50 years. The problem of GMOs is a serious issue that requires a comprehensive study, but today many of the giants of the market are quietly using such products in their production – not only in adult food, but also in baby food, and milk formulas, and chocolate, the question is from this is only getting sharper. There is no official ban on the use of GMOs, which means that the choice is only for consumers.