Upon returning from the sunny golden-sea Crimea (as our readers rightly noted, I spent my short vacation there), I wanted to raise the wine theme on Healthy Passions. And in Crimea, as you might guess, wine is a local soft drink. What, if not dry white wine, will quench your thirst on a hot day and raise the tone of a spa-weary tired of the sun and relaxation? Is that a useful mineral water. But…
But what about the wonderful bouquet of grape aromas? But what about the friendly sellers from the wine rows, the local market, who so persistently beg us to “at least try” their wines (for the uninformed, I’ll tell you what to try – it means to taste thirty or forty grams of excellent vintage or dry (whatever you choose) for free guilt)! Did not like? It’s okay: “Then try white nutmeg! This is what you wanted – moderately sweet and tart. From what! I will gladly try. “And how much do you have“ Black Colonel ”?” “For you – thirteen hryvnias a liter (With our money – seventy rubles!)”
Having finally reached Moscow, I proudly unpacked the wine booty: “Karakoz”, “Bouquet of Crimea”, “Fortified Bastardo”, “Black Colonel”, “Black Muscat”, “Lydia”, “Autumn Sonata”… The names alone take your breath away! Friends! Come visit us for a tasting of Crimean wines! Came…
Wine.. Summer-autumn drink. When the sun is shining, the tart smell of datura grass and lavender hangs in the air… When autumn is still dreaming of coming into its own, and the vines are bending from the fragrant load… It’s time to talk about wine. Since ancient times, wine has been a drink of love and friendship, a companion of joy, a source of poetic inspiration, and also (no kidding) a medicine.
To obtain wines, white, pink, black and red grapes are used, which are grown in countries with a moderately warm climate: in Italy, Portugal, Spain, France, southern Germany, along the Mediterranean coast, in the Balkans, in the Crimea, in the Caucasus, in Moldova, Ukraine, Central Asia and some parts of the USA. Over 100 million hectares are occupied by vineyards all over the world. And this is very, very much! Sparkling with all the colors of the rainbow and fragrant with the aromas of endless expanses, in a glass or glass, wine is perceived by many only as an invigorating drink. However, wine also has a therapeutic effect on the human body:
Improves mental activity, thanks to pleasant taste sensations. No wonder grape wines in ancient times were called the “drink of the gods” and were sung by poets of all countries and times.
Stimulates appetite and improves digestion.
Influencing the intestines, it has a slight laxative effect.
Has a diuretic effect. The more diuretic wine (and this is especially white), the easier it is to remove harmful products from the body.
In moderation before meals, white wine improves liver function. The choleretic properties of wine depend on the content of potassium tartrate in it.
Excites the respiratory center (especially sparkling wines), promotes ventilation of the lungs.
Causes a state of euphoria, sharpens mental abilities and speed of perception.
Influencing the cardiovascular system, dilates blood vessels.
Improves the functioning of the nervous system and endocrine glands.
Wine enriches the body with individual vitamins, mineral salts and other biocatalysts.
Wine helps to increase muscle strength.
Wine has antitoxic properties. Many doctors recommend wine as an antidote for bites from snakes and other poisonous animals. Other authors consider wine an antidote to strychnine. In the experiments of Lambroso, rabbits under the influence of wine tolerated a dose of strychnine twice the lethal dose. The effect of wine on intestinal toxins and on diphtheria toxin was found. Solutions of one alcohol have less antitoxic properties than grape wine.
All wines can be divided into:
Varietal wines derived from the juice of grapes of one variety (or at least 85% of grapes of one variety).
Blended wines obtained from the juice of grapes of different varieties.
Ordinary wines bottled at a young age, but not earlier than 3 months after grape processing.
Vintage wines aged before bottling in special cellars for 1.5-3 years and obtained from special grape varieties.
Collection wines obtained from vintages by additional aging in bottles for at least three years.
And also on:
- canteens (white – “Aligote”, “Sauvignon”, Riesling, Rkatsiteli, etc.; red – Cabernet, etc.):
– dry – 9-14% alcohol, sugar up to 0.3 g / 100 ml;
– semi-dry – 9-14% alcohol, sugar 0.5-2.5 g / 100 ml;
– semi-sweet – 9-12% alcohol, sugar 3-8 g / 100 ml.
– strong – 17-20% alcohol, sugar 0.2-14 g / 100 ml (port wines, Madeira, sherry wines);
– dessert semi-sweet – 14-16% alcohol, sugar 3-12 g / 100 ml (dessert wines: Black Eyes, Tokay, Cahors, Crimean Muscats Red Stone, Massandra, etc.);
– dessert sweet – 15-17% alcohol, sugar 14-20 g / 100 ml;
– dessert liqueur – 12-17% alcohol, sugar 21-35 g / 100 ml.
Of great importance is the origin of wine (region, variety) and processing technology. Widely known as high-quality: red and table wines of Kakheti, the Black Sea coast and the Don, dessert strong (Madeira, sherry) of Armenia, dessert sweet (muscat) and ports of the southern coast of Crimea and Armenia, sparkling – Abrau-Durso champagne and Novy Svet champagne ..
Wines used for medicinal purposes must be free of foreign tastes and odors, as well as without harmful impurities. For medical use there is a huge selection of wines.
White table wines are diuretic and easily stimulating; red – nutritious and invigorating; strong – energetic, sweet – high-calorie; fragrant (muscats) affect the nervous system and respiratory tract; sparkling (champagne) quickly act, accelerating the absorption of alcohol due to the content of carbon dioxide.
Wines are widely used for colds and lung diseases, they are especially effective for pneumonia. Wine is useful for tuberculosis patients, due to the presence of tannins, mineral salts, glycerin and bioactivators in it, it remineralizes the body and has a beneficial effect on the psyche.
Wine is effective in all anemic conditions (especially red, such as Cahors), for convalescents, who have undergone major operations, for debilitated and elderly people. In Burgundy they say that “the milk of old people is wine.”
When radiation exposure is useful to drink red wine. And at donor points, you can simply hang out a poster: “Comrade! Donated 200 g of blood – do not forget to drink 200 g of red wine!”
Daily use of wine up to 100-200 g is allowed for preventive purposes and up to 0.5 liters for anemia, scrofula, malaria, diabetes, tuberculosis, overwork, indigestion, physical and nervous exhaustion and other diseases.
As a tonic and tonic, wine is useful in the preoperative and postoperative period. Wine is especially effective in case of operational shock, fainting, breathing problems. It helps with anesthesia, partly replacing strong anesthetics.
With increased acidity, white light wine is recommended, diluted by half or 2/3 with sparkling water.
Wine is used as part of various medicines. It enhances their pharmacological action, improves the taste of unpleasant drugs.
Medical wines are wines with the addition of one pharmaceutical preparation (simple wine) or several (complex wine). In various ancient recipes, a large number of prescriptions for such wines are given. Some of them have not lost their significance even today. Modern industry produces new fortified wines, which also have a therapeutic and prophylactic effect.
Hippocrates clearly distinguished wines by their properties and purpose. He believed that grape wine miraculously corresponds to the nature of a person, both healthy and sick, therefore he recommended it for recuperation.
The positive healing effect of wine was noticed in the Middle Ages and has been constantly confirmed in various countries, up to the present day. Currently, grape wine in Western Europe has become the object of numerous physiological and clinical studies. Hundreds of works on the use of wine in therapy and surgery have also been published there. French researcher Serge Renaud in experiments on rats determined that the systematic use of red wine reduces the likelihood of blockage of the arteries by up to 50%. His experiments are part of a large-scale research project that determines the factors of cardiovascular disease. It turned out that people in France and Italy are much less susceptible to these diseases than in Finland, the USA, Australia and Scotland. Renault suggested that the daily use of dry wine had a beneficial effect on his compatriots, which makes platelets less sticky, which reduces the sensitivity of blood vessels to fats and does not form compounds that are deposited on the walls of blood vessels, preventing the free flow of blood. “I don’t know a more effective medicine,” says Dr. Renault, “but in no case should we forget that the main principle here is moderation.”
To this sensible warning, it must be added that in some people who are highly sensitive, the substances contained in red wine cause a painful hangover and suppress vital enzymes in the intestines. Therefore, sitting at a table with numerous invigorating drinks, one should not forget about the individual tolerance of the “drinks of the gods”.
Since doctors and scientists consider wine a healthy (in moderation) drink, we should also listen to the opinion of experts. And I would like to supplement the above knowledge with an exclusive recipe for mulled wine, which helps a lot in the initial stages of a cold:
Mulled wine medicinal
1 bottle of red dry or semi-dry wine,
6 (or more) Art. spoons of honey (preferably lime),
cinnamon, cloves, ginger to taste,
zest of 1 lemon,
50-100 g of alcohol (if you use vodka, then take about 150 g – to taste).
Place all components in an enamel saucepan. With constant stirring (and sampling), bring the healing composition to a boil. Set aside for a couple of minutes and bring to a boil again. Remove the saucepan from the heat and add 50 to 100 g of pure (medical or food) alcohol to the mulled wine.
Pour mulled wine into ceramic cups and drink hot. It is better to remove spices from mulled wine, at least cloves and zest. After drinking mulled wine, quickly run to bed under a duvet or cotton blanket and sleep peacefully until morning. The cold must go away!
And finally, a few wine tips:
serve white wines first, and only then red ones;
first chilled, then wines at room temperature (sometimes the wine needs to be slightly warmed up);
first, younger ones, then older, aged ones;
lighter at first, then stronger, more fragrant;
first more sour, then sweeter;
it is undesirable to serve grape wines with appetizers containing spicy dressings (for example, vinegar) and salads with sour fruits.
And do not forget: what is medicine in small doses is poison in large doses. This principle applies especially to wine. After all, it is not very fun to first be treated for diseases with wine, and then for a long and tedious treatment for wine, that is, alcoholism.
A glass of fragrant amber or ruby wine in a glass, what could be more beautiful… A drink of kings and gods, artisans and philosophers…