How pregnant women tolerated coronavirus
The body of a pregnant woman can react to a coronavirus infection in different ways, it all depends on the initial health indicators, tolerability of the disease, gestational age, the presence or absence of stress factors, etc. If a woman falls ill with severe covid early, this can lead to the risk of abortion or the appearance of fetal abnormalities (in the development of the kidneys, the shape of the auricles, etc.). In the last trimester, such a diagnosis can cause oxygen starvation of the fetus and lead to premature birth. Practice shows that severe COVID-19 in the second trimester often provokes the appearance of diabetes in women and endocrinology anomalies in children.
In addition, it is worth considering the high level of adaptation of women to the disease. In 2020, the number of pregnant women with severe coronavirus infection was the highest, and now we see that more and more women tolerate covid easily and give birth to healthy children. Vaccination plays an important role in this process. Vaccination can and should be done during pregnancy (after the 22nd week). This is especially important if the expectant mother is at risk: she is overweight, has chronic diseases of the lungs and blood vessels, kidneys, etc. It is worth remembering that the antibodies produced in this way will pass with mother’s milk to the child and provide him with protection from birth.
How the body recovers after COVID-19
Coronavirus infection, transferred in a severe form, adversely affects women’s and men’s health. In women, the cycle of menstruation is disrupted, the ovarian reserve is reduced, and the risk of blood clots increases. In the male body, coronavirus reduces the activity of spermatozoa, affects the processes of breaking their DNA chains, and can also reduce testosterone levels and give asthenic conditions, which are accompanied by fatigue and destabilize an erection during intercourse. All these factors together can lead to unsuccessful attempts at conception (including with the help of IVF).
But do not worry: all changes caused by the virus are reversible. Usually the body recovers itself in 12-16 weeks. If this did not happen, there are a number of medical programs that restore the reproductive function of men and women after covid. You should start with an appointment with a gynecologist (for women) and an andrologist (for men). If the indicators are favorable, you can plan a pregnancy after 1 month. If the couple has serious reproductive health problems, the doctor will prescribe the necessary restorative treatment.
The virus worsens the spermogram, but does not affect the quality of the eggs
The topic of coronavirus today is associated with a number of myths and misconceptions, many of which are easy to dispel if you turn to science. So, in 2020, the first publications appeared that said that the reproductive system of men and women can be seriously affected by the SARS-CoV-2 (2019-nCoV) virus – coronavirus. More recent scientific studies do not confirm this thesis. Thus, tests in a group of 46 women showed that the SARS-CoV-2 virus does not affect the ovarian reserve (publication of the results in the journal Human Reproduction dated 08/06/2021). Another study involving 791 women confirmed that the coronavirus does not affect the quality of the eggs and does not have an irreversible effect on the ability to conceive. The data cited by the scientific journal Reproductive Medicine Online speaks of the statistics associated with menstrual irregularities in women who have had Covid. According to the researchers, these disorders may be due to the effect of the virus on hormonal status and are completely reversible.
In men, the SARS-CoV-2 virus worsens the spermogram. In some cases (with a severe course of the disease), the male body may lose its reproductive function for up to 6 months. But vaccination does not have a negative effect. Recent studies (published in the Journal of Reproductive Immunology and Human Reproduction) confirm that coronavirus vaccines do not affect the reproductive function of men and women and do not interfere with conception.