How often mothers say to their unreasonable daughters who have grown up early: “Dress warmly, otherwise you will catch a cold!” Who doesn’t know these words? And in the bitter cold, obedient girls put on warm tights and thick knitted leggings, and on summer days they do not risk sitting on cold ground and stones. And those who are disobedient to themselves scold annoying parents who do not understand anything about beauty: “How can you! These terrible warm pants! It’s terrible! Well, who will love me like that!” And they walk from September to March in a thin capron, striking the imagination of the representatives of the opposite sex with graceful legs. And only then do they realize that the mothers, wise by life experience, were right! It is contraindicated for us, dear ladies, to catch a cold. There is a very high risk that it is not clear from where not only problems in the female part will arise, but also a disease with an incomprehensible name “cystitis”.
Unfortunately, many women are familiar with the symptoms of cystitis: burning and stabbing pain when urinating, frequent urge to urinate with a small amount of urine, pain above the pubic area.
What is cystitis? As with all medical terms, the ending –it means inflammation. Cystitis is an inflammation of the bladder. One of the most common inflammatory diseases of the genitourinary organs, which is a serious medical problem. Most often, women suffer from cystitis. This is due to our anatomical features: the urethra in women is short and wide, and therefore the infection enters the bladder through it much more easily than in men. About 20-25% of women suffer from cystitis in one form or another, and 10% suffer from chronic cystitis. Moreover, these numbers are growing every year.
The main causative agent of cystitis is Escherichia coli (80%). Also, the cause of cystitis can be chlamydia, ureaplasma, fungi of the genus Candida. Chlamydial infection in women occurs in 33-42% of cases.
Keep in mind that even if the pathogen has entered the bladder, illness will not necessarily occur. The body’s defenses are doing everything possible to prevent this. In order for acute cystitis to develop, the action of a provoking factor is necessary: hypothermia, surgery, sexual intercourse.
At the same time, unfavorable factors predisposing to cystitis are:
violation of blood circulation in the wall of the bladder and small pelvis.
- with a long sitting position (when sitting at a computer for 4-6 hours without getting up);
- with frequent and prolonged constipation;
- wearing tight clothes, tights, underwear for a long time;
violation of the evacuation function of the bladder,
decrease in the body’s resistance to infection (hypovitaminosis, overwork),
adverse effects on the bladder wall of chemicals and poisons excreted in the urine. For example: if you eat very spicy food, a lot of spices, like overcooked food;
Today it is known that there is a connection between the development of cystitis and the hormonal background. Thus, during menopause and diseases with metabolic disorders, especially in patients with diabetes, the risk of cystitis is increased.
Acute cystitis is characterized by frequent painful urination, pain in the bladder and perineum, and possible bleeding at the end of urination. The more pronounced the inflammatory process, the more often the urge to urinate and the stronger the pain. In severe forms of acute cystitis, patients are forced to urinate every 15-20 minutes, day and night. The urine of a patient with acute cystitis may be cloudy, due to the large number of bacteria, leukocytes, epithelial cells and erythrocytes in it. It is known that acute cystitis is rarely accompanied by fever, but in severe cases the body temperature rises, nausea and vomiting appear.
In all cases of frequent and painful urination, pain in the pubic or abdominal area on the right or left, it is necessary to see a urologist.
The doctor will make a diagnosis based on your complaints, urine and blood tests. Carrying out cystoscopy in acute cystitis is contraindicated, since in an acute process these manipulations are painful and can lead to the progression of the disease. In chronic cystitis, this study is carried out. At the same time, the bladder is filled with a special liquid and a cystoscope is inserted into it – a special optical device that allows you to study the condition of the bladder from the inside.
If the diagnosis of “cystitis” is confirmed, then, as a rule, the doctor immediately prescribes antibacterial agents that are effective against pathogens, which must be taken for at least 7-10 days.
The main directions of treatment of cystitis are: antibiotic therapy, general and local anti-inflammatory therapy, elimination of disorders of the urodynamics of the lower urinary tract, correction of hygienic and sexual factors, immunostimulation. Patients are shown bed rest, drinking plenty of water and excluding fried, spicy, spicy and pickled foods from the diet.
Remember! You will receive the most accurate and complete information about your illness from your doctor, and no one else. Do not self-medicate, chronic cystitis is much more difficult to cure than acute! Having received the appointment and recommendations of the doctor, strictly follow them!
With this disease, some plant foods give a good therapeutic effect. For a long time and widely used cranberry (in the form of fruit drink), which has an antimicrobial effect and enhances the activity of antibiotics and sulfanilamide drugs used in treatment.
Herbal preparations will help get rid of cystitis:
Birch leaves, bearberry leaves, corn stigmas, licorice root, couch grass rhizomes (20 g of each component) mix. Infuse a full tablespoon of the mixture in 1 tbsp. cold water for 6 hours, then boil for 15 minutes. Drink a day in several doses.
Marshmallow root, bearberry leaves, Veronica herb, sage leaves (20 g each), horsetail herb (40 g) mix, insist and take as in the first recipe.
Herb hernia, parsley fruits (20 g each), bearberry leaves (60 g) mix. Method of preparation – as in the first recipe. Take 1-2 tbsp. in a day. It has an effect in alkaline urine.
Parsley fruits, celandine grass (10 g each), bearberry leaves, hernia grass (40 g each) mix, and then – as in the first recipe. It has an effect in alkaline urine.
Licorice (root) – 10 g, wheatgrass (rhizome) – 10 g, corn (stigma) – 10 g, birch (leaves) – 10 g, common bearberry (leaves) – 10 g. One tablespoon of the mixture is infused for 6 hours, pour a glass of cold water, then boil over low heat for 15 minutes and filter. The decoction is drunk during the day in several doses.
10 g of medicinal lovage root, 10 g of parsley fruit, 25 g of birch leaves, 25 g of juniper berries. Pour one tablespoon of the mixture with a glass of cold water, leave for 6 hours, boil for 15 minutes and strain. Dose to drink per day per day in several doses for diseases of the bladder.
60 g of asparagus root is poured into 1 liter of boiling water, heated in a water bath for 15 minutes, cooled for 45 minutes, filtered. Take 1 tablespoon 3 times a day. You can also use this recipe: 3 teaspoons of young asparagus shoots are poured into 1 cup of boiling water, insisted for 2 hours and filtered. Take 1-2 tablespoon 3 times a day for 3-4 weeks.
Decoctions of stinging nettle and wild grape leaves help with cystitis.
one. observe personal and sexual hygiene: during menstruation, change tampons and pads more often. Wipe properly after a bowel movement – front to back for women. You can not go directly from anal sex to vaginal;
2. a woman should urinate at least 5 times a day, as the infection easily enters the bladder if the interval between urination is very long. Try to urinate after intercourse;
3. do not wear too tight tight underwear;
four. dress warmly, avoid hypothermia, especially in the pelvic area;
5. beware of swimming in polluted ponds;
6. treat carious teeth in time;
7. remember that past urological, gynecological or venereal diseases
(urethritis, gonorrhea, adnexitis, endometritis and others), especially if you have not been cured or treated yourself, and chronic foci of infection in the body can provoke cystitis;
eight. if you have a sedentary job, interrupt every hour and a half and just stand or walk for five minutes;
9. eat regularly and fully;
ten. if you are constipated, then eat more vegetables, fruits and coarse fibrous foods, take laxatives, etc. If you have eaten something very spicy, a lot of fried or pickled, wash down this food with plenty of water;
eleven. take vitamins;
12. drink less alcohol;
13. do not bring yourself to nervous and physical exhaustion.
Take care of yourself and your health!