Thyroid gland or shattered nerves? 10 differences

Health Tips

Modern life is hard to imagine without stress. Weakness, fatigue, insomnia are familiar symptoms, aren’t they? Did you know that these signs can be caused not only by stress, but also by a very serious illness? Today, a general practitioner tells Goodshapetips readers about how to recognize a dangerous disease in time.

Causes of the disease

The statement that many diseases arise from excessive excitement andstress,not meaningless. Therefore, we try our best to maintain peace of mind.“Nerves of steel” is the dream of everyone who knows what trouble is.

It happens that the usual valerian drops no longer help, and the nerves continue to play pranks.

In such a situation, few people think that a weak nervous system in a woman may not be the cause, but the result of malfunctions in the internal organs, and above all, the thyroid gland! In order to find the calmness of the “iron lady”, you need to deal with health.

Thyroid – This is a small organ located on the front surface of the neck, consisting of two halves – lobules, connected by an isthmus. The thyroid gland is very actively involved in metabolism, releasing hormones into the bloodstream.

The work of almost all internal organs suffers from an excess or lack of these hormones, and the nervous system signals us about this.

It is no wonder that thyroid pathology can turn a self-confident and balanced woman into a fury, capable of spoiling the mood for herself and her loved ones for the slightest reason.

In men, the thyroid gland is more obedient and less likely to fail. And it is not surprising, because in the male body all the internal organs work according to a stable schedule, getting out of the schedule only on the day of the eighth of March and during the World Cup.

The work of the female body is subject to its own special biorhythms: menstruation, pregnancy, childbirth, breastfeeding, menopause – all these processes affect the functioning of the thyroid gland and make us more prone to mood swings, neuroses and depression.

The function of the thyroid gland is rigidly subordinated to the hypothalamic-pituitary system. Under the influence of TSH (thyroid stimulating hormone produced by the pituitary gland), the thyroid gland can activate or slow down its work, secreting more or less major hormones thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3).

It is for the synthesis of these hormones that the thyroid gland needs a sufficient intake of iodine from food. As soon as the body receives the right amount of hormones, the level of TSH decreases, and the thyroid gland slows down.

The third hormone produced by the thyroid gland is calcitonin. This hormone provides strength to bone tissue, saturating it with calcium and preventing bone destruction.

Lack of hormones

The main task of the thyroid gland is to control the rate of metabolism (metabolism).

Despite its small size (the weight of the gland is about 25 grams), the thyroid gland has subjugated almost all processes in the body. Development female breast, the condition of the skin and hair, the ability to endure and give birth to a healthy child – all this largely depends on her work.

Thyroid hormones affect our mental abilities, sleep and appetite, physical activity, body weight, the strength of the bones of the skeleton, the work of the heart and other internal organs.

Modern scientists assign a significant role to the thyroid gland in managing the work of the immune system and even in the development of aging mechanisms.

Scientists have found that in 50-60% of cases, thyroid pathology is a hereditary disease. However, the predisposition to the disease is more often inherited than the disease itself.

Under the influence of harmful environmental factors, this disease may make itself felt, or it may not manifest itself.

What affects the functioning of the thyroid gland?

In the first place among the factors affecting the functioning of the thyroid gland, insufficient intake of iodine in the body, necessary for the normal production of hormones T3, T4. However, excess iodine from food and medicines can also cause harm.

An important role is played by excessive sun exposure and exposure to radiation.

Sometimes autoimmune processes are the causes of thyroid disease, when due to improper operation immunity antibodies are produced against thyroid cells, which leads to its damage.

Contribute infections, both viral and bacterial.

Sometimes thyroid problems are congenital, associated with enzymatic pathology or abnormal development of the organ.

Unfortunately, it did not bypass the gland and the problem of neoplasms: benign and malignant.

Often, thyroid disease develops hidden. Symptoms such as irritability, tearfulness, sleep disorders, nervousness, changes in appetite and body weight, we often interpret as a manifestation of fatigue, overwork or depression.

And we “blame” all other symptoms on the consequences of nervous exhaustion.

Conventional sedatives, rest and change of scenery only have a temporary effect, and then the problem returns again with a vengeance. In this case, you should carefully listen to your body and try to figure out what is happening with the help of a doctor.

Poor health can be caused lack of thyroid hormones – hypothyroidism, excess hormones – thyrotoxicosis, as well as symptoms of compression of the neck organs by an enlarged thyroid gland – goiter, with a normal content of hormones in the blood (euthyroidism).

Excess hormones

If the cause of loosened nerves is a pathology of the thyroid gland, then specific changes in the state of health can be noticed.

With hypothyroidism, the body’s metabolism decreases. All processes slow down.

Violations in the neuropsychic sphere:

weakness, decreased performance and memory, drowsiness, lethargy, slowing down of speech;

gloomy mood, various manifestations depression.

General symptoms:

frequent colds;

slow work of the gastrointestinal tract, which is primarily manifested by constipation;

weight gain with reduced appetite and lack of pleasure from eating;

chilliness of hands and feet, decreased body temperature;

dry skin, brittle nails, hair loss, hoarseness;

fluctuations in blood pressure, attacks of VVD, anemia, interruptions in the work of the heart;

With hypothyroidism, the menstrual cycle changes: monthly bleeding becomes rare, comes early menopause. Women with hypothyroidism have a harder time getting pregnant, often a lack of thyroid hormones leads to miscarriage.

In a word, hypothyroidism can be characterized as a state of complete loss of vital energy.

Before the advent of medicinal methods of treatment, this disease ended in death.

Visit to the doctor

With thyrotoxicosis, when too much thyroid hormone is produced, on the contrary, the metabolism is sharply accelerated.

Violations in the neuropsychic sphere:

poor restless sleep, increased fatigue, inability to concentrate on the task at hand, weakness;

aggressiveness, frequent mood swings, excessive emotionality, irascibility, tearfulness;

General symptoms:

palpitations, arrhythmia, increased blood pressure, shortness of breath;

prolonged increase in body temperature to subfertile numbers;

hot flashes, feeling hot, generalized hyperhidrosis;

trembling of the hands, tongue, swelling of the tissues around the eyes, “bulging eyes”;

frequent stools and urination, thirst;

weight loss with good appetite;

hair loss;

decline libido, violation of menstrual function.

The appearance of a goiter – thickening in the supraclavicular region on the neck, swelling in the projection of the thyroid gland – can occur with any functional state of the gland and always requires treatment.

Of great importance in the diagnosis of thyroid diseases is the determination of the hormones TSH, T3 and T4 in the blood.

Fluctuations in the level of TSH outside the norm already speaks of pathology, even while maintaining normal levels of T3 and T4, – this condition is called subclinical, and, despite the possible absence of obvious symptoms, requires correction.

To identify the cause of thyroid disease, the level of antibodies to various components of thyroid cells is determined: thyroglobulin, thyrocyte peroxidase, and so on.

To accurately determine the size and volume of the gland, the presence of nodes and cysts in it, an ultrasound examination is performed.

To determine the anomalies in the structure of the gland, to study the activity and nature of the nodes in the thyroid gland, the scintigraphy method is used, as well as the color Doppler mapping method, which studies the blood flow inside the organ.

If formations are found in the gland, they are punctured under ultrasound control and material is obtained for cytological examination, as a result of which it is finally determined treatment tactics diseases.

In case of insufficient function of the gland (hypothyroidism), long-term hormone replacement therapy is prescribed. At thyrotoxicosis, on the contrary, drugs that suppress thyroid function are used.

In addition to conservative therapy, surgical treatment is often resorted to: removal of a node or part of the thyroid gland.

Natalia DOLGOPOLOVA,
general practitioner

Photo shutterstock.com

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