Toxoplasmosis, tularemia and 7 more dangerous diseases that you …

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Toxoplasmosis

Wild and domestic animals are susceptible to this disease, the infection is transmitted from them to humans and is characterized by damage to the nervous system. In animals, more often in dogs, there is depression of the general condition, weakness, discharge from the eyes and nose, pallor of visible mucous membranes, cough, vomiting, shortness of breath, fever. The source of infection can be household items, you can also become infected by household contact, through the gastrointestinal tract, respiratory organs.

Even flies can be the carrier of the infection, the infection is also transmitted transplacental, that is, from mother to fetus. The pathogen is found in sputum, saliva, vomit, urine, feces, milk, meat. Toxoplasma causes severe disease in humans. The clinical manifestations of toxoplasmosis in humans are extremely diverse. Patients are concerned about weakness, decreased performance, fever, headaches, sleep disturbance, memory impairment, loss of appetite, muscle and joint pain, heart failure, maybe even bronchitis. If you suspect toxoplasmosis, you need to contact a medical and veterinary institution.

Rabies

An acute severe infectious disease transmitted with saliva during animal bites, most often found not only in dogs, but also in wild animals and birds. In dogs, it manifests itself as hoarse barking, convulsions, swallowing disorders, unsteady gait, and rabies. People may experience the following symptoms: general malaise, subfebrile condition, pain in the area of ​​the gate of infection, headaches, sleep disorders, loss of appetite, apathy, irritability, constipation, various phobias: fear of water, air, sounds and light, paralysis of the respiratory muscles. The tactic for suspected rabies is to isolate the sick animal, inform the veterinarians, and send people to the nearest medical facility for rabies vaccinations.

Brucellosis

A disease that is often found among wolves, foxes, hares, sparrows, pigeons, pheasants. A person most often becomes infected by eating the meat of an infected animal or by butchering animal carcasses. It is characterized by the following symptoms: fever up to 40 degrees, fever, agitation, euphoria, insomnia, headache, sweating, malaise, weakness, decreased appetite, enlarged liver and spleen, swollen lymph nodes, muscle and joint pain. To prevent the disease, you should follow the rules of personal hygiene. In case of illness, you should consult a doctor.

Tularemia

An infectious disease most commonly found in rodents and fur-bearing animals. Infection of a person occurs by contact through the gastrointestinal tract, by airborne droplets, through the bites of blood-sucking insects, when cutting the carcasses of sick animals. It starts with an increase in body temperature to 38-40 degrees, weakness, muscle pain, headache, flushing of the face, conjunctiva and mucous membranes of the oral cavity, nasopharynx, pastosity, injection of the sclera, there may be a rash on the skin, lowering blood pressure.

You can avoid the disease by exterminating mouse-like rodents and parasitic arthropods, using only boiled water, protecting wells from rodents getting into them, disinfecting skins and carcasses, and maintaining personal hygiene.

ornithosis

Infectious disease of domestic and wild birds (chickens, pheasants, ducks, pigeons, gulls, parrots, etc.) and humans. Human disease is possible during post-slaughter processing of birds – plucking feathers and cutting carcasses. In birds, it manifests itself as a latent course of the disease, and in humans it begins with chills, weakness, accompanied by headache and joint pain. At the same time, people develop fever with a temperature of up to 39-40 ° C, thirst, dry mouth, myalgia and arthralgia, sore throat and sore throat, runny nose, hyperemia of the pharyngeal mucosa, laryngitis, conjunctivitis, nosebleeds, skin rash, chest pain. cell, cough, enlarged liver, headache, insomnia. If you suspect a disease, you must always consult a doctor, sometimes subsequent hospitalization in an infectious diseases hospital is required. Non-specific preventive measures include the strengthening of veterinary control over the keeping of birds in poultry farms and zoos, the destruction of infected livestock.

Trichophytosis (ringworm)

Fungal infection of the skin of the head and cheeks, where areas of skin of a grayish-pink color of small size are formed with uneven outlines and slight peeling. In the lesions, most of the hair is broken off at the level of the skin or 2-3 mm from it, and if the hair on the head is dark, then you can see dark dots – hair stumps.

Infection of a person occurs often from dogs and cats. Prevention of trichophytosis is to avoid contact with stray animals, regular inspection of pets, including those that do not come into contact with wild ones.

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