Varicose veins: identify and cure

Health Tips

The beach season has arrived. Sun, summer, a seaside vacation or a picnic on the river, a bikini and an even tan… What could be more beautiful? But there is a problem that can darken these sunny days for beautiful ladies – spider veins and protruding veins on the legs! Goodshapetips will give some tips on how to get rid of this trouble.

Unfortunately, blue leg marks are a problem for all ages.**Varicose disease**affects both men and women.

However, the beautiful half of humanity is much more susceptible to this disease. Heavy bags, leg work, pregnancy, high heels – all this mercilessly hits our veins.

Read more: Varicose veins: identify and cure

Varicose veins Varicose veins Varicose veins
What
varicose veins?
signs
disease
Prevention
varicose veins
Treatment in the later stages

Signs of varicose veins

What is varicose veins?

Varicose disease is a lesion of the valvular apparatus of the veins, in which venous blood cannot fully move through the veins from the bottom up and it stagnates, which determines all cosmetic and functional disorders that reach their peak on the legs.

As a rule, the first spider veins after first birth and in the course of life they only intensify, turning over time into wriggling blue strands. Then so-called varicose nodes appear on these strands, which can break through and bleed.

A violation of the blood supply in the lower extremities leads to such undesirable consequences as heaviness in the legs puffiness in the evenings, and in more severe cases – to the formation of ulcers and trophic changes.

As a rule, it is believed that varicose veins are just a cosmetic defect on the legs. But it doesn’t: it is a disease that affects all our organs and systems. It’s just that the disease is most pronounced on the legs and manifests itself in the maximum volume.

Prevention of varicose veins

Signs of varicose veins

How to understand that your veins are already starting to suffer? Here are the first signs of varicose veins:

• Heaviness in the legs
• Pain in the legs during normal activities
puffiness legs in the evening

• Rapid fatigue of the lower extremities
• Appearance spider veins

• Swelling of the veins in the evenings
• Cramps and loss of sensation in the legs
• The appearance of small hemorrhages or bruises for no apparent reason

You should not self-medicate – it is necessary at the first symptoms to consult a doctor and undergo an examination to clarify the diagnosis. Only a doctor, after examining and determining the stage of the disease, prescribes drug therapy.

Physiotherapy also gives a positive effect, but only the doctor determines the possibility of using it in each specific case.

As with any disease, besides the efforts of the doctor, it is very important that the patient tries to help himself. How can development be prevented? varicose disease Or stop its development?

Treatment in the later stages

Prevention

First of all change Lifestyle: alternate sedentary work with 10-minute breaks for light gymnastics (if it is not possible to stand up and walk around or squat, then actively move your foot right at your workplace).

Avoid heavy lifting and prolonged static standing.

get busy swimming or light jogging.

Avoid high heels.

Buy special anti-varicose tights.

Avoid frequent visits to solariums and prolonged exposure to direct sunlight.

In the evening, do salt baths and light self-massage of the legs.

Do not wear socks and shoes with increased pressure on the foot or shin.

There are also medications that you can start taking on your own before going to the doctor: these are local venotonics, anticoagulants and angioprotectors – such as Lyoton-gel, Troxevasin gel.

It is recommended to apply them 2-3 times a day on clean skin, rubbing until completely absorbed. Do not use these drugs for more than a week without consulting a doctor!

And in no case should you start using these drugs without the recommendation of a doctor for people suffering from any blood diseases! These products should not be applied to areas of skin with open wounds.

Treatment in the later stages

What should people do varicose disease who have already gone far enough? Do not be afraid of radical methods of treatment if they are required. Varicose veins, like any disease, can lead to complications:

• formation of trophic changes and ulcers;
• thrombosis and thrombophlebitis due to increased accumulation of blood cells in the affected vessels;

• thromboembolism by detached thrombotic masses;
• severe pain and swelling of the legs.

In addition to medical and physiotherapeutic treatment, there are more radical methods – surgical, when the affected area of ​​the vein or the vein is completely removed by making several incisions in the places where the vein is projected and pulling it out with special instruments

A separate treatment option for a cosmetic defect from varicose veins is sclerotherapy, in which a special sclerosing agent is injected into the superficial varicose veins, which is distributed along the vein with affected valves, without spreading to healthy areas where the valve apparatus is preserved.

After the introduction of the drug, a rapid narrowing of the vein occurs. A special tightening stocking is put on the limb, which helps to keep the vein in a narrowed state, and after 3 days the vein sticks together, i.e. a cosmetic effect is achieved without surgical intervention.

“How are we going to live without a vein?” – a question arises in many.

Our body is a unique self-regulating system with a very large margin of safety, and when the affected vein is removed, the veins that worked to a lesser extent will begin to work more actively, and the blood supply to the limb will eventually fully recover.

Do not forget that the disappearance of cosmetic defects on the legs does not cure the body of varicose veins.

And if this ailment has already touched you, then you must constantly observe the correct lifestyle and be constantly under the supervision of doctors.

This will prevent the development and progression of the disease, making you happier! And nothing will overshadow your vacation in good company on a sunny summer day!

Alla GRIGORYEVA,
general practitioner

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