Vegetative-vascular dystonia (neurocirculatory asthenia) is a functional disease of the cardiovascular system resulting from a disorder of the nervous and endocrine regulation, which has multiple clinical manifestations and is characterized by a favorable prognosis.
VSD often accompanies various diseases as a syndrome, contributing to its clinical picture and course. Sometimes VVD is an independent disease and disguises itself as any kind of disorder. This often confuses doctors and patients.
Who is at risk?
- Persons with a hereditary predisposition. Having an overly excitable nervous system or, conversely, not reactive enough.
- People who are most exposed to constant stress at work and in the family.
Causes of vegetative-vascular dystonia
There are many reasons for NCD. Here are the main ones:
- acute or chronic stress, overwork;
- upper respiratory infections;
- hormonal changes (puberty, menstruation, pregnancy and childbirth, menopause, etc.);
- traumatic brain injury;
- chronic alcohol and/or tobacco intoxication.
Manifestations of dystonia
Symptoms and complaints of people with vegetative-vascular dystonia are very diverse. These are pressure drops, headaches, interruptions in the heart, sweating; and sharp mood swings from euphoric to extremely depressed; there may be problems with the gastrointestinal tract, weakness, fatigue, poor sleep, irritability are often present.
The symptoms of the disease are so nonspecific that sometimes they lead the diagnosis to a dead end. The diagnosis is often made as a diagnosis of exclusion, that is, when no other pathology is found.
However, there are signs that are common for all those suffering from vegetative-vascular dystonia.
- The symptoms of the disease go away if you manage to get distracted, switch your attention to something else.
- Almost everyone who suffers from vegetative-vascular dystonia has meteosensitivity: worsening when the weather changes.
- Signs of VVD are usually accompanied by a painful feeling of fear, panic, a feeling of lack of air, fear of death.
Prevention and treatment:
- Timely fight infectious diseases, do not let runny nose, cough, sore throat, etc.
- Try to keep the correct daily routine. Let it be individual, convenient for you, but constant.
- Fight hypodynamia.
- Avoid overload and overwork.
- Treat life philosophically, with humor, try to get something good out of everything. Don’t dwell on failures. After all, it is known that hope for the best and faith in one’s victory is the main cure for stress. And hence, from the VSD.
For the relief of crises, as well as in severe forms of NCD, drug treatment is prescribed.
Various groups of drugs are used: beta-blockers, calcium antagonists, tranquilizers and sedatives, analgesics, etc.
The selection of a rational program of treatment and adaptation must be carried out by the attending physician with subsequent monitoring and correction of the results.