We take care of the stomach and liver: how to drink pills correctly so as not to …

Health Tips

Is it possible to take medicines without a doctor’s prescription?

Without a doctor’s prescription, adults can only take so-called over-the-counter drugs. These include:

  • antipyretic drugs based on paracetamol and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (acetylsalicylic acid, ibuprofen or nimesulide);
  • various lozenges and lozenges for sore throats;
  • some cough medicines;
  • remedies for a runny nose or dryness in the nose: vasoconstrictor nasal drops, herbal remedies, isotonic or hypertonic sea salt solution;
  • remedies for pain in the back, in the muscles or in the legs in the form of ointments or gels;
  • drugs to combat heartburn;
  • sleeping pills such as donormil and melatonin.

However, these drugs should not be used long-term on a regular basis: if symptoms persist for more than 5 days or recur more often than you would like, be sure to consult your doctor. All other groups of drugs (from pressure, from pain in the heart or in the abdomen, from various infections) are prescribed by specialists.

How to take pills correctly

There is one general rule: it is better to drink a tablet with enough water so that it enters the stomach. In some cases, the doctor can clarify this point and discuss it with you separately. Before taking, read the instructions, they usually indicate the main points: how often to take the pills, drink them before or after meals, whether you need to drink immediately or need to dissolve.

It is undesirable to drink most drugs with juice or milk, since these products can affect the degree of absorption of the drug in the gastrointestinal tract.

Be careful, take care of your stomach and liver!

Some medicines can harm the lining of the stomach or liver. Yes, unfortunately, such side effects can be observed.

The most common group of such drugs is non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. They include most painkillers, antipyretics, including good old aspirin, diclofenac, ketorolac, ibuprofen, meloxicam, nimesulide, celecoxib, etoricoxib and others. Among them there are drugs that have a stronger effect on the gastric mucosa, and those that, when taken once, have less effect (the so-called selective NSAIDs, i.e. non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs). However, with long-term use, both can harm your stomach, so the doctor prescribes an additional drug to protect it.

Cholesterol-lowering drugs (statins), hormonal contraceptives, antibacterial and antiparasitic drugs, acne medications (retinoids), non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, and others can cause liver damage in some people. This does not mean that they should be abandoned. If there is a need for them, it is necessary to observe the terms of monitoring blood parameters prescribed by the doctor.

Remember that it is always better to consult a specialist. He will tell you about all the rules of admission and answer your questions.

We read the instructions carefully

Many neglect reading, but in vain. It clearly indicates whether it is worth taking pills before or after meals, at what dosage and for how long.

Some try to determine the dose of the medicine themselves, for example, by drinking half a pill from the head, since the pain syndrome is not clearly expressed. Do not do this – you will not get a therapeutic effect. Others try to save drugs by drinking, for example, only the drugs prescribed to them in the morning and skipping the evening dose. This is a big mistake. Indeed, for most medicines taken on an ongoing basis, a stable concentration of the active substance in the blood is extremely important. We are talking about drugs to lower blood pressure, antifungal agents, oral contraceptives. It is also impossible to arbitrarily reduce the course of taking drugs, noticing the first positive effect – you need to withstand the appointed period. And you should not change the form of taking the tablets: if the instructions say to dissolve the drug, then you do not need to drink it or dissolve it in water.

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