What are stomach problems?

Health Tips

Many of us have experienced the problem of heaviness, abdominal pain, nausea, belching or heartburn. Most often, we do not pay attention to these troubles under the pretext: “I ate something wrong, it happens to everyone.” We drink a pill “Mezima” and run to work, study, to be torn apart by everyday problems. But all these symptoms should not occur in a healthy person, and if you regularly encounter at least one of them, then you need to see a doctor.

Why are dyspeptic symptoms (nausea, vomiting, heartburn) dangerous? First of all – a decrease in the quality of life, because nothing exhausts a person like feeling unwell. Secondly, these may be the first manifestations of such a formidable disease as stomach cancer (with timely detection at the first stage, surgical intervention in almost 100% gives a complete cure, but the later the disease is detected, the less likely it is to recover).

Thirdly, any problems in the stomach and upper intestines is a burden on the pancreas, which can result in the development of pancreatic necrosis (pancreas death, when emergency surgery is the only salvation) or diabetes mellitus. Fourthly, exacerbation of banal gastritis can lead to the development of peptic ulcer. And finally, fifthly, heartburn can be caused by insufficiency of the gastric sphincters, when the contents of the stomach are thrown back into the esophagus or, conversely, from the duodenum are thrown into the stomach.

Since each section of our digestive system has different acidity, food that enters the esophagus or stomach in this way irritates its walls and can cause their ulceration and, subsequently, dysplasia (i.e., degeneration into a tumor). You can list for a long time, but the above facts are already enough so that you can motivate yourself not to delay in solving this problem.

Even before going to the doctor, you can assume which organ is affected:

if you have “girdle pain” in the epigastrium – this is a sign of pancreatitis

if you are worried about pain or heaviness in the right hypochondrium and belching “rotten” – look for a problem in the gallbladder or liver

if you have an aversion to meat and you start to lose weight – this is a very unfavorable symptom, it may indicate the development of an oncological process in the stomach

How should one investigate?

  • do a gastroscopy with an analysis of the contents of the stomach for Helicobacter pylori infection

  • do an ultrasound of the abdominal cavity (pancreas, liver and gallbladder)

  • donate blood for hepatitis

  • take a biochemical blood test (bilirubin, transaminases, amylase, lipase)

  • take a urinalysis and a general (clinical) blood test

  • take a stool test for dysbacteriosis and occult blood

If you have already been diagnosed with chronic gastritis or gastric ulcer, then gastroscopy should be repeated at least once a year. Quit smoking – because smoke gets not only into your lungs, but also into your stomach, which is a risk of developing stomach cancer (although men are predominantly prone to this disease).

If you have been diagnosed with chronic pancreatitis or cholecystitis before, you should not dismiss it and say “everyone has it” – you need to do an ultrasound scan once a year and take a biochemical blood test every 6 months to prevent the progression of the disease.

And, of course, a gastroenterologist should become your friend for many years. You should not engage in amateur performances and take “when it’s bad” the first thing that comes to hand – only a doctor should prescribe treatment and control the dynamics.

Be especially attentive to your health in autumn and spring – it is at this time that exacerbations of diseases most often occur.

How to help yourself before the arrival of the doctor?

For any of the above symptoms, start by drinking activated charcoal (up to 10 tablets can be taken at once). Keep in mind that no other medicines should be taken within 30 minutes before and after taking the charcoal (they will simply be absorbed by the charcoal and will not have the expected effect).

Drink more liquid – it will flush the stomach and reduce acidity. If you have repeated vomiting, then instead of ordinary water it is better to drink water with Regidron – this way you will restore the loss of fluid by the body.

If you have epigastric pain, apply cold to the sore spot (a bottle of cold water), drink an antispasmodic (No-shpa, Baralgin).

With severe flatulence or belching, take enzyme preparations (Creon, Mezim, Pancreatin).

If dyspeptic symptoms arose for the first time, then you should seriously think about your diet. What can you eat so as not to irritate the digestive system?

Should be eliminated from the diet

  • roast
  • fresh flour dishes
  • sauces
  • fatty soups
  • onion
  • garlic
  • sorrel
  • spinach
  • radish
  • radish
  • swede

give preference

  • “yesterday’s” white bread
  • Biscuits and crackers of lean varieties
  • Soups with low-fat fish and meat broth and vegetarian soups with various cereals and finely chopped vegetables
  • Meat, poultry and fish (low-fat) boiled, stewed and fried without breading
  • Any cereals, except millet and pearl barley
  • puddings
  • Vermicelli

  • Stewed and boiled vegetables

  • Potatoes in the form of mashed potatoes and casseroles
  • White cabbage and beets
  • Soft-boiled eggs, omelets
  • Milk only in dishes, fermented milk products, non-acidic fresh cottage cheese and dishes from it, non-sour sour cream in dishes (up to 1 tablespoon)
  • Sauces on vegetable broth, meat broth with the addition of sour cream or evaporated tomato juice, milk, fruit sauces

  • Dill, parsley, bay leaf, cinnamon, cloves, vanilla

  • Cheese is not spicy
  • Soaked herring
  • Low-fat sausage, ham
  • Jellied meat, fish, poultry
  • Salads from fresh and boiled vegetables and fruits
  • Ripe sweet varieties of berries and fruits, except melons, apricots and plums, raw and in dishes
  • Tea, cocoa, coffee on the water with milk or cream
  • Rosehip broth, butter to the table, melted for frying.

Alla GRIGORYEVA,
general practitioner

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