What fainting signals, how it differs from loss of consciousness and why it should not be ignored

Health Tips

How to prevent fainting

Any fainting occurs due to a violation of the blood circulation of the brain. As a rule, it lasts from a few seconds to a minute. In most cases, the person regains consciousness on his own. The danger is that if you fall, you can get quite serious injury. And then you definitely need to call an ambulance or go to the emergency room on your own (for example, wounds, cuts are sewn up only in the first two or three hours – Note), where you will be given an x-ray to rule out a concussion, fractures.

Often people say that the loss of consciousness occurred quite suddenly. However, if you better remember your condition before the fall, it turns out that the body has already warned of an emergency. Most patients pre-feel:

  • weakness
  • darkening in the eyes
  • lack of air
  • severe pain (for example, when it comes to painful menstruation in women)
  • nausea.

If you feel like this, immediately try to sit down, lower your head between your knees, then leave the stuffy room. If you find yourself among people at this moment, for sure, someone will notice that you have become ill and will provide all possible assistance – do not refuse.

Which doctor should I contact?

“Healthy people often faint – this is not always a reason to sound the alarm. Most often this is due to errors in nutrition, for example, in the morning, refusing breakfast, a person finds himself in a stressful situation – this can result in loss of consciousness. Or hypoxia becomes the cause: a person finds himself in a confined space, where there are many people, it is stuffy, hot and there is not enough oxygen.

As for pathologies, one must always go from simple to complex. And you definitely shouldn’t prescribe yourself procedures such as MRI, CT, and so on. Only a doctor gives them directions. For starters, contact a therapist, a general practitioner. He will collect an anamnesis, which is very important. The patient should tell the doctor about everything that happened to him before fainting: how much he didn’t sleep, didn’t eat, whether there was a stressful situation, whether there are chronic diseases, what lifestyle he leads, and so on.

What serious problems can fainting signal?

Perhaps we are talking about cardiovascular diseases, lung diseases. Then a specialist can refer you to:

  • general and biochemical blood tests, urinalysis;
  • Ultrasound of the heart
  • ECG,
  • X-ray of the lungs
  • scanning of cerebral vessels.

We add that the doctor will also measure your blood pressure and force you to keep a diary, writing down your blood pressure in the morning and evening. It will be necessary to find out if there are any problems with blood pressure, because its sharp drop can also cause fainting. Often people do not suspect for years that they are hypertensive or hypotensive.

Ammonium chloride is optional

Cardiac (cardiac) syncope is considered the most dangerous. They can signal a heart attack. Characteristics:

  • slow heartbeat,
  • inability to determine the pulse,
  • bluing of the skin.

And yes, here we are no longer talking about fainting, but about losing consciousness, which can last up to five minutes. This is the main difference between these states. You need to call an ambulance immediately!

Everyone also remembers that they tried to bring a cotton swab with ammonia to the nose of a person who fainted – in order to make the nervous system function. According to the latest recommendations, this is not recommended. When a person faints, he will regain consciousness on his own – there is no need to disturb him unnecessarily, to beat him on the cheeks, forcing him to spend more energy on returning to a normal state.

Photo: vostock-photo

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