What is a banal “cold” and how to distinguish it from acute respiratory infections or SARS

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What is ARI and SARS actually

ORZ– this is a general definition, an acute respiratory viral disease, it can be caused by bacteria, viruses, fungi or protozoa. The most common manifestation of ARI is an acute respiratory viral infection (ARVI).

SARScan cause various viruses, for example, pravavirus, adenovirus and others.

ARVI is represented by a group of different diseases that are united by a number of similar symptoms:

1) “Acute” onset – a rapid increase in symptoms within a few hours.

2) Any signs are noted: damage to the upper or lower respiratory tract – for example, if these are nasal passages, there is a clinical picture of rhinitis (runny nose), if the pharynx is pharyngitis (sore throat), larynx and trachea – laryngotracheitis (dry cough, hoarseness), etc. There may be a combined lesion, for example, rhinitis + pharyngitis, rhinitis + tracheitis.

Infection occurs by airwhen the particles of viruses released by a sick person enter the mucous membranes of the respiratory tract: when talking, coughing, sneezing, and even normal breathing, these are microdroplets of saliva separated from the nasal passages.

These viral infections have an extremely high ability to infect, however, in some cases, after infection, the disease itself does not unfold directly – individual characteristics of immunity matter here.

Specific measures for the prevention of SARS have not been developed, however, the following measures can be emphasized:

observance of the regime of work and rest: stress, overwork, lack of sleep – factors of episodic decrease in immunity activity, –personal hygiene: virus particles in the discharge, depending on the type of virus, can persist for up to several hours on hard surfaces, hands.

Flu– this is a special case of SARS, however, it differs from other viral infections by the following symptoms: a combination of a very pronounced increase in body temperature (above 38C) and dry cough, sore throat. With a combination of such symptoms, the preliminary diagnosis is always formulated precisely as influenza, and not SARS.

SARS: to treat or not to treat

Treatment of SARS should begin as early as possible. It consists in the use of symptomatic drugs – for cough, sore throat, runny nose. Such treatment not only relieves symptoms, but also reduces damage to the affected mucous membranes and reduces the risk of subsequent, usually bacterial, complications.

The choice of drugs depends on the localization of viral inflammation: nasal passages, pharynx, trachea, etc. To reduce body temperature, the severity of intoxication, agents containing paracetamol are used. Symptoms associated directly with viral damage are most pronounced within 2-3 days, and then, by the 5th day of illness, there should be a significant improvement in the condition.

If, after 7 days from the onset of the disease, pronounced symptoms continue to persist, this most likely indicates the presence of complications.

Folk remedies: is it worth it

Many of us from childhood are familiar with “grandmother’s” cold remedies: honey, lemon, ginger, herbal teas.

Unfortunately, their action has not been studied in large studies, so we cannot say with full confidence about their effectiveness. On the other hand, also from a scientific point of view, the safety of such funds has not been evaluated.

The drinking regime is an unambiguously expedient measure of influence on the manifestations of intoxication (fever, headache, muscle, joint pain), as it compensates for dehydration, which is often noted in the first days of illness. As a rule, it is recommended to drink at least 2 liters of fluid per day.

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