What pressure is considered elevated and how to reduce it

Health Tips

High blood pressure significantly increases the risk of cardiovascular diseases, and it also adversely affects the functioning of the heart, brain, and kidneys. About what pressure to consider increased and when to start worrying, we talk with our experts.

Why is the pressure rising?

There are two possible options: either the cause can be determined, or the cause cannot be found.

During the diagnosis, special attention is paid to the kidneys: the cause of high blood pressure may well be urolithiasis or sand in the kidneys. There are also common cases when the vessels that supply the kidneys can narrow or become overgrown with plaques. As a result, the blood reaches the kidney worse and it receives less oxygen, and because of this, pressure also rises. Accordingly, if the factors that disturb the blood supply are eliminated, then the pressure can stabilize.

In some cases, the cause may be hiding in the adrenal glands, in the endocrine sphere. For example, in the adrenal glands there may be benign formations that secrete hormones, and if these formations are removed, then the pressure can also normalize. In diseases of the thyroid gland, blood pressure can also increase, and with its treatment it returns to normal.

If these options are excluded, then the problem is called arterial hypertension. This is a multifactorial disease, when, due to genetic factors and hormonal changes, pressure suddenly begins to rise, stress and increased salt intake play an important role. It is known that in those countries where pickles predominate in national cuisines, hypertension is more common.

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