Despite the end of the hot season, thirst – a natural human need – continues to overcome us. In the stuffiness of transport, in the overdried climate of the office, in hot and heavy winter clothes in the “fresh air” – everywhere we dream of the cherished mug or glass. Hot coffee or tea, light wine or tonic cola. And there are numerous winter holidays ahead, where the range of drinks (and not only alcoholic ones) will be even wider. However, if you think about how much rubbish we consume along with liters of our favorite drinks! So how can you quench your thirst without hurting yourself?
Doctors indiscriminately scold everything _carbonated drinks,_whether it’s the latest American diet modification of “Cola” or some “Bell” of Nizhnepupkinsky bottling. True, for a healthy person who does not have any problems with digestion, a bottle or two of a non-alcoholic named drink will not bring harm. The preservative E211 (sodium benzoate), which is present in all pops without exception, does not belong to a number of dangerous ones.
But people with any diseases of the gastrointestinal tract should be especially careful with all carbonated drinks (even homemade “pops”). The composition of the “fizz” includes citric acid and soda (alkali), and they negatively affect the gastric mucosa. And the very product of the violent reaction of alkali with acid – carbon dioxide (gas) does not behave in the best way when it enters the body. It threatens the intestines with flatulence (bloating), the stomach – an exacerbation of peptic ulcer, the pancreas – pancreatitis.
Now about different types of soda separately. Cola drinks, as everyone now knows, contain a horse’s dose of caffeine. This simple fact holds the fame of “Cola” as a tonic, energizing drink. However, for the same reason of the high content of caffeine, “Cola” is not recommended for children (just its main lovers), as well as people who are easily excitable. In everyone, without exception, caffeine excites the central nervous system, causes increased secretion of gastric juice, increases blood pressure and provokes an increased heartbeat. So a person with “average health” “Cola” can be consumed in the same dose as the usual instant coffee. Only not “together”, but “instead of”.
If, for medical reasons, you need regular caffeine stimulation (chronic low blood pressure, lethargy, depression, etc.), cool Cola can sometimes be a worthy coffee substitute. Just remember the dangers of “soda” and let your drink fizzle out a little before drinking. After all, it is customary to pour even champagne in advance in order to reduce the harmful and not always pleasant sparkling.
Fanta and its varieties contain a particularly high percentage of citric acid.. Therefore, its irritating effect on the gastrointestinal tract (and as a result, exacerbation of gastritis, pancreatitis, colitis) is much higher than that of a “simple” soda. Fanta, when consumed in excess, can cause indigestion even in healthy people. Slightly more than the norm (one or two three-hundred-gram bottles per day), only people with low stomach acidity can drink it. And again, remember about “gases”.
What do doctors recommend to quench thirst? Of course, they advise giving preference to natural juices, fruit drinks from fresh berries and fruits, which significantly enrich the body with vitamins, microelements and dietary fiber, and also contain natural fructose instead of sucrose, which is easier for the body to digest and less prone to turn into fat. All this is especially true in winter, when there is a shortage of vitamins and microelements in our life, but fats and carbohydrates, as a rule, on the contrary, are an overabundance.
But mineral waters have the best ability to quench thirst. After all, it is known that the body’s need for water is largely determined by the need to replenish the reserves of mineral salts that the body loses with sweat and urine. However, mineral water is also different: table and medicinal, carbonated and not, natural and artificial, alkaline and acidic. Therefore, the benefits of mineral water also depend on the choice.
If you are afraid of harming your body by mistake or are used to consuming at least three liters of free fluid per day (and at such a dose, even any healthy drink will become harmful), it is better to stop at a neutral option – purified drinking water. As a rule, such water, which is sold in bottles or canisters, is ordinary tap water, but purified as much as possible from impurities (both harmful and beneficial). Carbonated drinking water quenches thirst well, and many housewives use non-carbonated water for cooking.
Speaking about the degree of purification of drinking water, distilled water can be considered ideal. However, it is not. Water devoid of salts can unbalance the body. Without microelements, which are contained in ordinary water and absent in distilled water, such important body functions as the construction of new cells, the transmission of hereditary information and the transmission of nerve impulses are not performed.
Not even distilled, but simply “soft” water (the use of which manufacturers brag about) is not an absolute good for the body. Its regular consumption in food leads to fragility of bones, caries, a decrease in the overall resistance of the body – due to a lack of mineral salts in it. No words, soft water and coffee and tea are especially delicious. However, if you consume most of your fluids in the form of these drinks, it is worth sacrificing impeccable taste for the sake of health.
However, drinking tea or coffee just to quench your thirst is generally “immoral” in relation to your health. I have already spoken about caffeine, which is rich in tea and coffee in almost equal proportions. But in natural coffee there are also many products of combustion (roasting). And this is not only useful ash, but also a number of carcinogens. And what can be found in instant coffee, and it is impossible to list. From moldy fungi to the most harmful chemical caffeine and other filth. Tea is mainly dangerous in the form of an old, over-aged infusion on the leaves. In it, as you know, everything useful has already decomposed, but salts of heavy metals and other harmful compounds have formed.. If you chronically do not have enough time to brew tea every time according to all the rules, it is better to switch to tea in disposable bags. So you at least protect yourself from constant self-poisoning with old tea leaves.
Well, if you only have tap water to quench your thirst, prepare it for drinking. If there is no filter for cleaning, hold the water for at least an hour in an open vessel or boil it so that chlorine gas completely evaporates, which irritates the mucous membrane of the stomach and intestines and is an enemy of the beneficial microflora of the body.
Nadezhda SUBCHEVA, pharmacist