The condom is widely advertised as the most effective means of protection against unwanted pregnancy, as well as against STIs. So why, in some cases, during sexual intercourse using a condom, pregnancy still occurs? Or why do you get STIs during “protected sex”? It turns out that a condom does not always save you from everything! Why this happens, a venereologist tells the readers of Goodshapetips.
The issue of preserving and maintaining the health of the sexual sphere is more relevant than ever during the holidays.
The most popular among all means of protection against sexually transmitted infections, as well as unwanted pregnancies, is a condom.
It is the most convenient and easy to use, has virtually no contraindications and restrictions. It can be used both for long-term relationships with a sexual partner, and for non-permanent sexual relationships to be sure of one’s own health.
But does it protect well? condom, How are we used to thinking?
Why does a condom fail?
condoms known since ancient Egypt, although their use as a protection against unwanted pregnancy and infections in antiquity is doubtful.
Most researchers more agree that the appointment of condoms at that time was of a religious and ritual nature.
As it was in fact, we are unlikely to be able to know for sure. However, a leather pouch kept in the Cairo National Museum is described by tour guides as the first condom in the world owned by the young Emperor Tutankhamen.
The use of condoms in ancient Rome as contraception has documentary evidence. Legionnaires were supposed to carry a condom with them during long campaigns.
The material for the manufacture of condoms at that time was mainly the insides of small livestock. In the Middle Ages, the use of condoms almost disappeared.
The next period of “heyday” of its production was the expedition of Christopher Columbus, who, as you know, not only discovered America, but also “introduced” European, and then all other countries, to syphilis.
For the production of a condom, more and more new materials were tried, impregnated with various natural and synthesized liquids.
By the way, the condom owes its second name (condom) to the court physician of King Charles II, colonel of the royal army, Count Condom. It was he who made contraceptive caps for the king – bags of butter and mutton intestines – and launched their small-scale production.
Already by the 20th century, the condom was first made of rubber (the famous “product number 2”), and today the most common materials are latex and polyurethane.
Our ancestors could not even dream of such variety of condoms that are available to us – different in size, with flavors, different embossed and smooth surfaces, different in thickness, etc.
But still, the main question, which to this day remains in demand and debatable: how effectively does a condom protect against unwanted pregnancy and diseases?
How to protect yourself from STIs and unwanted pregnancy?
This issue has become especially acute because of HIV infection, the promotion of protection against which now occupies a leading position around the world.
The main source of HIV infection is a sick person, and the main route of HIV transmission is the hematogenous route (through the blood).
During sexual contact with an HIV-infected person, the risk of infection is not so high, and with contact protected by a condom, it is even lower.
Therefore, the correct use of a condom during sexual intercourse greatly reduces the risk of HIV infection.
Regarding the causative agents of sexual infections, the question remains debatable. Large-scale studies on this topic are periodically conducted in the United States.
Currently there is no evidence that condoms are 100% effective. This is due to many reasons – firstly, it is necessary to use the condom correctly.
As for the condom as a method of birth control and pregnancy planning, there is no need to talk about 100% protection in this matter either. Cases of pregnancy while using a condom are not a myth, but a reality.
Paradoxically, research results show that the most common mistakes are:
improper donning of a condom, as a result of which it becomes necessary to change it during intercourse;
putting on a condom not at the beginning, but during intercourse;
removing the condom until the end of intercourse;
lack of change of a condom at various types of sexual contacts;
using a condom only for vaginal intercourse;
using two condoms at once;
slipping off the condom during sexual intercourse.
Violation of the integrity of the condom when using non-recommended lubricants, the use of expired products, mechanical damage to the condom etc.
The most acute issue is the natural permeability of condoms to bacteria and viruses, excluding damage.
The presence of “holes” in condoms through which bacteria and viruses can enter the body has been proven by many researchers.
However, these same researchers confirm the fact that, when used correctly, a condom is the most effective means of protecting against unwanted pregnancy and STIs.
Therefore, we can conclude that the condom is not a means of protection against infections and unwanted pregnancies with 100% effectiveness, but Proper use of a condom greatly reduces the chance of infection and unwanted pregnancies.
Summarizing all of the above, we can draw the following conclusions:
It is always best to have sexual intercourse with a proven healthy sexual partner.
You must use a condom correctly and for all types of sexual contact.
Whichever condom you use will not affect its effectiveness.
You need to buy condoms only in pharmacies, always check the expiration date.
Remember that a condom is not a 100% effective protection!