The debate about the benefits and harms of meat has always been active and fierce, and has not yet been resolved. How much meat does the body need to benefit from it, which variety is the most beneficial for the body and when is the best time to consume it, says Goodshapetips.
The place of meat in the diet
Since ancient times, man has been a hunter – men dragged mammoths into the caves, and women prepared various dishes from them, therefore it is genetically programmed that a person consumes animal protein to build his body.
No vegetable protein products will fully provide the human body with proteins, no matter what the vegans say.
Meat proteins are used to build the body, since only meat protein contains essential amino acids in its entirety. High-quality meat usually has small fatty layers – this complements the building function of protein with the energy function of fats.
In addition, there are a lot of vitamins D and A, as well as B vitamins in meat. Meat and offal (liver, tongue, heart, brains) are a source of a trace element necessary for life – iron. In meat products, it is found in the most easily digestible form.
However, meat is rich in nitrogenous and non-nitrogenous extractives, and when using it, you need to know the measure – an excess of meat products and a load of proteins can give a negative result instead of good.
What kind of meat is eaten?
There is a lot of meat suitable for human nutrition, but beef and veal are the most common, and in the first there are more extractive substances, but the meat is tougher, it has more fat, especially in an old animal.
Beef is great for first courses and stew, and veal – for dietary or baby food. Pork is a favorite barbecue meat, stew and barbecue, it has enough fat, due to which it is juicy and soft. Mutton is loved in eastern countries – pilaf and stew are made from it, it is fried, but lamb is fatty, and it must be able to cook so that there is no specific smell.
Healthy poultry meat – chicken, duck and goose, turkey. Quail meat is less common. Rabbit meat and nutria meat have dietary qualities.
In addition, horse meat, venison, game meat are used in human nutrition, but this is rather exotic for the inhabitants of central Russia. Bird and animal by-products are very useful, the liver and heart are most valued, although you can use the lungs, kidneys, brains and stomachs of birds.
The experience of the correct use of meat can be borrowed from the peoples of the Caucasus – on special occasions they slaughter a lamb and eat it for several hours without freezing, storing and processing.
This is a fairly correct approach, you need to eat meat in a limited way – with too much meat in the diet, there may be troubles in health: a large amount of meat in the diet causes atherosclerosis of blood vessels, burdens the liver and kidneys, and can contribute to the development of obesity.
So how much is there?
An average healthy person between the ages of 18 and about 40 who is not overweight and digestive problems, consuming meat 3 to 5 times a week will be beneficial. Alternating red meat and poultry meat is helpful. However, in case of metabolic disorders, especially with gout, purine metabolism disorders and phosphate stones, meat will have to be consumed 1-2 servings per week and less often.
After 40 years, it is also worth moderating your meat appetites, especially if you are not engaged in heavy physical labor. On average, you need 2-3 servings of meat or meat products per week. However, sausages and sausages, various sausages can hardly be called meat, so we will not consider these products as meat portions, ideally they should be abandoned altogether.
The norm of meat consumption smoothly follows from the knowledge of physiology and the norm of protein consumption by the body of an adult:
- women need about 40 g of animal protein per day;
- men – about 50 g of animal protein per day;
- children need 20 to 35 g of protein per day;
- older people – about 30 g of protein per day.
Based on the fact that high-quality meat contains from 14 to 25% of protein, it is possible to accurately calculate the amount of meat per day: for a woman – from 130 to 150 g, for a man – from 150 to 180 g, for a child – from 50 to 80 g. 100g, for the elderly – from 50 to 100g of meat per day.
In addition, breaks are needed in the diet and vegetarian or fish days, so that the kidneys and liver take a break and set the enzymes to work.
In addition, you must always remember that the amount of meat must be reduced if you eat other protein foods – fish, milk and dairy products, cheese, cottage cheese or eggs.
When is the best time to eat meat?
Of course, the benefits of protein are undeniable, but in order for it to bring maximum nutrients, without causing inconvenience and discomfort to the body, it must be eaten correctly.
Protein is digested within 4-6 hours, depending on the type of meat: the more tender the meat, the faster it will be digested. In addition, protein dishes are high in calories and require the active work of the digestive glands – hydrochloric acid of the stomach, liver and pancreas enzymes.
That is why protein meals should be eaten when the body is alert and set to work for a long time – in the morning or afternoon. In the morning it is better to eat light meals – boiled chicken or rabbit, cutlets, meatballs, and in the afternoon you can afford a steak, a piece of beef or a shish kebab, in a word, those types of meat that require a long chewing.
The process of chewing causes the separation of saliva, trains the jaws and gums, due to this, the digestive glands reflexively work, and the juice necessary for the full absorption of meat is separated.
Why shouldn’t you eat meat at night?
The answer to this question is extremely simple – by night, the digestive glands reduce their activity. Meat will not have time to be digested, it will cause the process of putrefaction in the intestines due to the microbes contained in it. This will cause bloating, abdominal discomfort and intoxication with metabolic products – sulfur dioxide.
You will wake up unrested and broken, with an unpleasant smell from the body and from the mouth. In addition, such meat is not digestible and can cause constipation.
In order for meat to be useful, it is necessary to eat it correctly. Then you will have a complete diet, good health and good mood.
Do you love meat?