At what age do cataracts occur?
Cataracts are a common eye disease that is more common in people over the age of 55. With a cataract, the lens becomes cloudy, loses its elasticity, which causes vision problems in a person. Ophthalmologists insist: “Cataracts must be removed, because the progression of the pathology threatens the development of secondary glaucoma, in which there is a high risk of losing vision forever.”
Cataracts develop due to age-related changes in the lens, the refractive lens of the eye. As the body ages, the lens wears out, becomes denser, loses its refractive properties. Vision deteriorates, symptoms such as:
dense cloudy veil before the eyes;
fog, decreased visual acuity.
a characteristic symptom of cataracts is that a person even with glasses has difficulty reading, writing, and doing household chores.
Will folk remedies help
You can get rid of cataracts only with the help of an operation – phacoemulsification, followed by implantation of an intraocular lens, an artificial lens. During the intervention, the natural lens affected by the cataract is converted into an emulsion with the help of ultrasound and removed from the eye. A flexible artificial lens is implanted in its place. The surgeon performs all manipulations through a micro-incision up to 1.8 mm in size, which is self-sealing without requiring suturing.
The operation is performed on an outpatient basis, without hospitalization for 15-20 minutes under local drip anesthesia. The patient gets the opportunity to return to his usual way of life in a fairly short time. It is impossible to cure cataracts with drops, folk remedies. This is ineffective and, moreover, can simply harm.
Due to the fact that the operation is performed through a micro-access with a diameter of only 1.8 mm without sutures using modern sparing technologies, the rehabilitation period lasts much less time than before. On average, recovery takes 3-4 weeks. But the rehabilitation time in each case is individual and is determined by the attending physician.
What is changing in the approach to treatment
Phacoemulsification (cataract surgery) is considered the most rehabilitative operation in the world. This means that in almost 100% of cases, vision lost due to cataracts is restored after surgery.
A real breakthrough in the treatment of cataracts was the use of a femtosecond laser to perform the most important stages of the operation. That is, now the operation is performed almost contact-free, without the use of surgical instruments. The advantages of femto-support for the patient are in a faster recovery period after surgery, high quality of vision, maximum accuracy and complete individualization of the intervention.
Technologies are also being improved in the development of artificial lenses. With the advent of trifocal intraocular lenses, the patient has the opportunity to see at all distances without glasses. That is, in some cases, a person receives a higher quality of vision than before the operation.
How is the operation
Patients often say that they did not dare to have surgery for a long time. “Six years ago I started noticing discomfort in my eye. All the time I wanted to remove the veil from my eye, I could no longer distinguish the price tags in the store. I went to the ophthalmologist and they found a cataract in my right eye. Two years later, the situation worsened. It became clear that an urgent operation was needed, but I didn’t dare because of work – somehow I didn’t have time for vacation. But when the doctor said that I had only half a year of time, then it would be too late and no operation would help, then it was pointless to choose between loss of vision and work. When I decided, I began to take tests – there are quite a few of them. How was the operation itself?
They cover the face with a diaper, leaving only a cutout for the eye. They insert a special device so as not to blink an eye. Five minutes later, the operation was over. It doesn’t hurt!
I will never forget the emotions of the next day. I felt such delight when the bandage was removed! It turns out that I didn’t see anything around, the world literally sparkled with new colors, ”user @Natsha shared her impressions. Almost six years have passed since the operation, and her vision continues to please her.