Why chickenpox, whooping cough and other childhood diseases are dangerous for adults

Health Tips

Who is rubella dangerous for?

It is believed that rubella can be ill in adulthood in a rather mild form. Typical signs are a rash on the face and fever. Plus, the lymph nodes become inflamed. The latent period of this disease is 14 – 21 days. Children endure this disease quite easily, adults endure this infection much harder. But the main danger of rubella is for pregnant women. Moreover, they themselves can carry the disease in a rather mild form, the danger is in the consequences for the fetus. If the expectant mother gets rubella in the first trimester, there is a high probability of a miscarriage or the birth of a child with serious pathologies, such as heart disease, nervous system disease, blindness, cataracts and more. Rubella is transmitted by airborne droplets, that is, it is very easy, because a pregnant woman should only contact healthy people – the risk of getting sick is quite high.

For all those who have been ill with rubella, the good news is that immunity is acquired for life – the virus no longer threatens you. But if in childhood you did not have rubella, then you should get vaccinated after the age of 26 years.

Whooping cough

Try to remember if you ever coughed for no apparent reason for more than two weeks? Therapists assure that we can talk about whooping cough. Moreover, it does not matter whether you were vaccinated as a child. Children are vaccinated against whooping cough three times: in the first year of life, then at six years old and at thirteen. Its effect is maintained for 12 years. Then you can catch this disease. That is, at the age of 25 it would be good to do a revaccination. Whooping cough, like rubella, is transmitted by airborne droplets. The causative agent of whooping cough destroys the villi of the bronchi, a characteristic cough occurs (up to vomiting and injured ribs!) And edema. Sometimes such a cough can lead to inflammation of the lungs (the mucous membrane is not protected from infections). In case of illness, a fairly long course of antibiotics will be needed. Waving it off and hoping that it will go away on its own is definitely not worth it. Indeed, among the complications of whooping cough are pneumonia, conjunctivitis, and even lesions from the central nervous system.

Mumps (mumps)

Another disease that everyone has definitely heard about, but perhaps does not represent all its danger. Only in our country it is called mumps, as the face of a sick person acquires a characteristic swollen shape. Mumps, the medical name for this viral disease, is an inflammation of the parotid salivary glands. It poses a great danger to unvaccinated boys, as it can turn into inflammation of the testicles and lead, in turn, to infertility. Other possible complications: serous meningitis, inflammation of the mammary glands in women, deafness. To avoid the disease, vaccination is necessary: ​​at one year and at seven years. It is believed that immunity from this disease becomes lifelong. There is no specific treatment, so doctors strongly recommend vaccinations.

Chickenpox (chickenpox)

It is misleadingly considered a “mild” disease. In fact, this is an acute infectious disease (caused by the highly contagious Varicella-Zoster virus) transmitted by airborne droplets. The mild form is more typical for children, complications are not uncommon in adults. in adulthood, it often manifests itself in the form of herpes zoster – characteristic transparent blisters under the ribs.

The incubation period for chickenpox is two to three weeks. The first signs are very similar to the onset of a cold: bones ache, weakness occurs, fever. Then specific signs come to the forefront: a small pink rash and severe itching. Upon contact with a sick person who may not yet be aware of this, infection will certainly occur.

If you were not vaccinated as a child, you can get the vaccine as an adult. This is especially recommended for expectant mothers. If a pregnant woman gets chickenpox, she will be given immunoglobulins that neutralize the effect of the virus. After suffering from chickenpox, the virus remains in the human body for life. With a decrease in immunity, it manifests itself in the form of shingles.

Scarlet fever

Once this disease was considered fatal. Now there are practically no deaths, but the disease, if you miss the moment or self-medicate, is fraught with serious complications. So, in adults, allergic complications are possible on the valvular apparatus of the heart, kidneys, joints, and the central nervous system. The disease does not require vaccinations; a sick adult can become a source of infection. When an infection enters the body, the pathogen releases toxins, causing a sore throat. Migrating infection can affect the heart, nervous system, kidneys. Pathogen toxins can lead to autoimmune tissue damage. In the fight against the disease, only the timely use of antibiotics can help.

How to protect yourself from “children’s” infections

Why “children’s” diseases are increasingly becoming a danger to adults? Experts explain this by the refusal of parents to vaccinate their children. Often, adults are vaccinated, which means they can be a source of infection for babies with all possible consequences. Some of the children did not go to kindergarten and did not get sick with the same chickenpox with their peers, someone was vaccinated on time, but the body did not accept the vaccine. So there are different options. What to do if you catch one of the above diseases in adulthood?

– See a doctor as soon as possible, do not self-medicate;

– a number of diseases are infectious, so you should never forget about hygiene;

  • be sure to get vaccinated before traveling to endemic regions;

  • get revaccinated. Remember that the vaccine only provides immunity for 12 years.

Photo: Pexels.com

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