Why do we see flies before our eyes and what to do about it – an ophthalmologist’s comment

Health Tips

Why do we see spots before our eyes

“Flies” before the eyes is a symptom in which a person sees spots of various shapes, as if floating behind the gaze. Most often they appear when looking at bright and light objects. The scientific name for most flies is vitreous opacity, a condition in which the fibers of the vitreous body of the eye lose their transparency and form “clumps”. Such seals cast a shadow on the retina, which we perceive as stars, flies, worms, and in the form of other spots of bizarre shapes. Usually this symptom occurs in people over 50 years of age and is considered a variant of the norm. But sometimes the appearance of “flies” is an alarming symptom.

There can be many reasons for the appearance of dark spots before the eyes, and not all of them are caused directly by eye diseases. Flies can occur due to such pathologies:

  • hypertonic disease,

  • violation of the blood supply to the retina;

  • migraine attacks that provoke flies and asterisks.

Among the eye diseases that cause the appearance of floating spots:

  • myopia;
  • retinal disinsertion;

  • detachment of the vitreous body;

  • hemorrhage in the vitreous cavity.

What could be the treatment

If the flies appear suddenly, they begin to increase in size and number, and at the same time you feel a decrease in vision, this may indicate the development of serious eye diseases, including hemorrhages in the eye or retinal detachment.

If these symptoms occur, you should immediately consult an ophthalmologist. Depending on the results of the examination, the doctor may prescribe both conservative treatment using pills and eye drops, and surgical treatment: the patient may be prescribed laser photocoagulation of retinal tears or a more serious operation to put the retina in place or remove blood from the vitreous body.

If the reason is not in the disease of the eye, the doctor will refer the patient for a consultation with a general practitioner and other specialists: a neurologist, a cardiologist or an endocrinologist. There is no direct connection with seasonality in the appearance of flies, except that in winter they become more noticeable against the background of white snow. Most often, in winter, patients complain of increased tearing and dry eyes – symptoms that are associated with adverse weather factors, primarily cold winds. It provokes irritation of the mucous membrane of the eye, to which it “responds” with an increased volume of secreted tears, which the lacrimal ducts do not always cope with. At low temperatures and strong winds, this is considered the norm.

What else do people complain about to an ophthalmologist in winter

Warm dry air during the heating season also has a negative impact. It can become a catalyst for the development of dry eye syndrome, a disease characterized by tearing at an early stage, followed by a feeling of dryness, pain, a foreign body in the eyes and a general decrease in visual acuity. The main reason for this condition lies in the lack or change in the composition of the tear fluid produced, as a result of which evaporation from the surface of the eye occurs faster. If you notice any of the symptoms listed above, visit an ophthalmologist so that the doctor can determine the cause of the condition and choose the right treatment.

Good eye habits

We add that we can also help our own eyes in the winter. Do you know what is the best rest for the eyes? Walks! Ophthalmologists will confirm that walking every day is beneficial. In winter, we try to go out less often, but still we need to do it. Plus, be sure to change lenses at night and monitor the reaction to decorative cosmetics. If you feel mucosal irritation, stop using.

Remind about the humidifier in the room, too, will not be superfluous. It is also worth, if possible, not to read while lying down and make sure that the diet is balanced (too many fast carbohydrates are also harmful to the eyes!). And while doing homework, such as cooking, keep a distance of the length of the forearm. While working at the monitor, try to take breaks every fifteen minutes, during which … just actively blink. These simple tips will help keep your eyes healthy.

Photo: Pexels.com

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