Why donating blood regularly is useful and how to become a donor – expert answers

Health Tips

What is the benefit of blood donation

Most often, donors come to our Blood Center with a desire to help someone, to do a good deed, rather than for financial rewards or health effects. We welcome every donor, regardless of their motivation. The main thing for us is the state of his health, so that the blood received is safe from a biological point of view and can be used to save patients. I agree that blood donation is more than a medical procedure, it is also a special kind of charity. After all, blood is a unique biological material, the source of which can only be a person. Many of our donors have been donating blood regularly for several years, which means they have made blood donation a part of their lives. These are staff donors. We really appreciate these people and care about their health.

Long-term studies on monitoring the health of donors who regularly donate blood, both in our country and abroad, have revealed not only the absence of deviations in their health, but also real benefits. Each blood donation stimulates the donor’s immune system, improves the body’s metabolism. According to Norwegian scientists, systematic donation reduces the risk of myocardial infarction by five times and increases life expectancy. In addition, the donor receives constant monitoring of their own health.

Who can become a donor

Almost any healthy citizen of the Russian Federation can become a donor if he is over 18 years old and weighs more than 50 kg. However, there are medical contraindications to donating blood and its components, both temporary, including low hemoglobin, vaccination, colds, and permanent, associated with serious illnesses. A complete list of grounds for refusing donation can be found on our website https://donor.mos.ru/donoru/komu-nelzya-byit-donorom.

Before each donation, the donor is given a blood test. He also undergoes an examination by a transfusiologist, who checks the general state of health and the presence of contraindications. The doctor also checks the donor data with a special EMIAS database. This guarantees the safety of both the health of the donor and the recipient. By the way, registration does not matter, citizens of the Russian Federation can donate blood in any locality. The main thing is the presence of documents proving the identity. Usually our donors are people aged 18 to 35.

At the moment, there is no regulated age threshold for blood donation, it all depends on the health of a particular person.

Blood testing and storage system

First, donors fill out a questionnaire and are noted at the registry, then they are sent to the laboratory for a blood test. After that, all donors are examined by a transfusiologist. If he allows them to donate, then the donors are offered a glass of sweet tea with cookies, after which the blood donation itself takes place. After it, the donor receives a certificate of blood donation and money at the checkout. One of the most common misconceptions is that you need to donate on an empty stomach. On the contrary, you need to eat! A light breakfast, such as sweet tea, dry biscuits, porridge with water or an apple, will support your strength and improve your mood. Be sure to get enough sleep. You should not donate blood after a night shift or a sleepless night.

For one donation, strictly 450 ml of blood is taken and another 20 ml for analysis. Blood is stored in our Center in special refrigerators with temperature control. How is it tested for safety? Today, a powerful security system has been built in the blood donation system. Blood components undergo multiple high-tech checks before they reach the hospital to the patient. The blood received from the donor and its components are seriously studied, incl. for viruses and pathogens. Be sure to check for antigens of hepatitis B and C viruses, HIV, syphilis pathogens. If there is even the slightest doubt, then an additional check is carried out, and the donor is called for a second examination.

Whole blood is not stored in its original form, after donation it is separated into fractions using a centrifuge. Whole blood has a shelf life of 24 hours at standard room temperature. Platelets can be stored at this temperature for up to five days with continuous stirring. And red blood cells – at a temperature of two to six degrees Celsius for 42 days. Plasma, if stored at a temperature of 25 degrees below zero, is preserved for up to 3 years.

How to become a donor?

For example, contact us at the Blood Center. O. K. Gavrilova DZM. We have two buildings and you can choose the most convenient location: Moscow, st. Polikarpova, 14, bldg. 2 (metro station “Begovaya”), or st. Bakuskaya, 31 (metro station “Tsaritsyno”). You can sign up for whole blood donation yourself through the online service on our website or by calling: 8 (495) 326-38-40; 8 (495) 945-33-19 from 8:00 to 15:00. From the documents you will need a passport of the Russian Federation (for foreign citizens additional documents confirming legal residence in the territory of the Russian Federation for at least one year).

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