What are the signs that you are at risk?
Osteoporosis is a disease in which the density of bones decreases, which can cause them to break easily. Normally, the bone has a porous structure, but with osteoporosis, its structure is disturbed, bone mass decreases. Because of this, the likelihood of injury is greatly increased even with a small load.
One in three women over 50 suffers a fracture due to osteoporosis. Most often, the disease occurs in postmenopausal women, as hormonal changes adversely affect the condition of the bones. But at the same time, older men are also at risk of this disease. Pathology occurs in patients suffering from some endocrine, rheumatic diseases, severe intestinal lesions. The disease can occur in people with limited mobility and in patients taking certain medications.
Violation of posture in parents or osteoporosis in one of the family members are alarming signals that a person is at risk of this pathology. In addition, a fracture of the femoral neck in one of the parents indicates a high probability of developing the disease. Another factor contributing to the development of the disease is underweight. It can lead to low levels of estrogen (steroid sex hormones) in women, as happens after menopause. In addition, due to muscle and general weakness, people are more prone to fractures. Bad habits – smoking and alcohol abuse – also negatively affect bone health and provoke the development of osteoporosis.
Most Common Osteoporosis Injuries
In people with osteoporosis, fractures are possible when falling from a height of one’s own height, lifting heavy objects, or even without any traumatic impact. The most dangerous injuries are fractures of the femur. In addition, osteoporosis causes pathological fractures of the arms (radius, humerus), bones of the lower leg, pelvis, collarbone, ribs. The most common pathological fractures are vertebral injuries. A vertebral body fracture can cause back pain, and the presence of one injury greatly increases the likelihood of subsequent vertebral fractures. Multiple such injuries lead to a change in posture, a decrease in height by 4-5 cm or more.
Prevention should start with a family history. Make an appointment with your family orthopedist with your parents. This way you will take care of their health and can help prevent or alleviate the development of osteoporosis. Remember that this pathology is difficult to recognize on your own, especially if you ignore back pain. At the appointment, the doctor will examine all family members, form a diagnostic program, then, based on its results, select orthopedic products (orthoses, posture correctors, corsets, reclinators) to support and stabilize the spine, and offer a comprehensive plan for the prevention or treatment of this disease. At the same time, thanks to a doctor’s consultation, you will find out if you have the prerequisites for the development of osteoporosis, and check the condition of your musculoskeletal system.
A sedentary lifestyle negatively affects the state of the body, including bones. In order to prevent osteoporosis, try to move more. Every day you need to walk in the fresh air for at least an hour. Try Nordic walking. This is an excellent physical activity with a gentle load. The more time you spend outdoors, the more vitamin D you get, which is important for bone health. Start exercising, just remember that all workouts in the fitness room should be moderate. Then exercise will help strengthen muscles and increase bone mineral density. But excessive, too intense loads will only harm the musculoskeletal system.
Think about your diet: it should include a sufficient amount of calcium-rich foods. The mineral is mainly found in dairy products (milk, kefir, yogurt, cheese). Fish, nuts, spinach, broccoli, etc. are also rich in calcium. Vitamin D is another necessary element that enters the body with foods such as fish, fish oil, egg yolk, and cheese. Don’t forget about protein – it also helps to strengthen bones. Foods rich in protein: meat, fish, legumes, nuts and others. Quit smoking and limit your alcohol intake. Believe me, in the future you will thank yourself for such a right decision.
These basic preventive measures will not only help you avoid developing osteoporosis, but will also help prevent many other problems with the body in the future. It’s never too late to think about your lifestyle and change it to prolong youth and get the most out of your body.